78 Resources Found

Implementing the Guidelines - A Toolkit to guide understanding and implementation of the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military use During Armed Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

28 March 2017

This Toolkit is based upon the "Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict" and designed to assist national Ministries of Defense, military trainers, officers and soldiers, and their equivalent for non-state armed groups, involved in the planning and conduct of military operations. The Toolkit includes training materials, and guidance for planning and executing military operations to assist with decisions about the use and targeting of institutions dedicated to education. It can also support peace operations ranging from the deployment of individual and small numbers of unarmed military observers, through individual and formed police units, to battlegroup and battalion sized military units.

Policy on Children

Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court

See full resource on icc-cpi.int

1 November 2016

The International Criminal Court Office of the Prosecutor recognizes that most crimes under the Statute affect children in various ways, and that at times they are specifically targeted. The Office engages with children in various contexts and circumstances, notably children who are witnesses and those whose parents or caregivers have agreed to testify before the Court. In these interactions, the Office will consider the best interests, rights and well-being of children who are directly impacted by its activities. The Office will strive to ensure that its activities do no harm to the children with whom it interacts. The Office will adopt a child-sensitive approach in all aspects of its work involving children. This policy guides applying this approach.

Supporting reconciliation in post-conflict situations

Iffat Idris, GSDRC

Download full PDF from gsdrc.org

2 October 2016

This report covers several approaches to supporting reconciliation in post-conflict contexts. Designed as an e-learning document, the report provides general information about a variety of approaches, pros and cons of said approaches, indications of what roles donors can play, and covers Islamic reconciliation modalities available.

Handbook on Complementarity- An Introduction to the Role of National Courts and the ICC in Prosecuting International Crimes

Paul Seils, International Center for Transitional Justice

See full resource on ictj.org

22 July 2016

This Handbook is intended to explain the main issues of law and practice related to complementarity for those who are not legal specialists. It is aimed at organizations and individuals that are not specicalists on the International Criminal Court or criminal law issues. It supports those who want to understand the basic legal issues as well as the broader contextual matters connected to complementarity by explaining how the complementarity regime works. After reading this handbook, readers should have a basic understanding of the ICC, the concept of complementarity, how key cases on the issue have been decided, what the different stages of the admissibility process entail, what it means for national legal systems, and what it means for other national actors, including civil society and victims’ representatives. Case studies include the following countries: Afghanistan, Colombia, Cote d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, and Libya. This resource is also available in French.

Reducing Risk, Strengthening Resilience: Toward the Structural Prevention of Atrocity Crimes

Alex Bellamy, Stanley Foundation

Download full PDF from stanleyfoundation.org

1 April 2016

This is a policy brief that outlines how to apply structural prevention of atrocity crimes, particularly at the national and local level. The recommendations intend to assist actors to reduce the occurrence of risk factors of atrocities and increase societal resilience. Particular to addressing serious violations against children in armed conflict, this brief includes rule of law, accountability, and commitment to guarantees of non-recurrence of violations as key to prevention and resilience. Also recommended is reforming legal and judicial systems for greater accountability and ensuring the legal empowerment of marginalized communities.

Age Assessment Guidelines to Prevent and Respond to Child Recruitment in the Afghanistan National Security Forces

Afghanistan National Security Forces

See full resource on reliefweb.int

15 February 2016

These are guidelines from the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The document describes an age assessment process to prevent enlisting underage members into the national armed forceswhen identity documents are not available. Prepared by experts, practitioners, military officials, and UNICEF, these principles suggest an assessment based on five components including direct interviews with the individual, interviews with family and community members, crosschecking of all available information, documentation, and referral to services and reintegration. Child sensitive age assessment techniques are provided operating within international human rights obligations. This document and annexed checklists are applicable to both national armed forces and armed groups in order to ensure the enforcement of the international humanitarian law obligation to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers and to reform the recruitment process to prevent the violation before it happens. This resource is available in both English and Dari.

Accountability and Reconciliation in Peace Processes

Democratic Progress Institute

Download full PDF from democraticprogress.org

31 December 2015

Through international case studies and analysis of different methods, this paper examines the range of measures that may help societies to achieve accountability and reconciliation, and explores the challenges faced in this field. Successful accountability measures draw on a critical understanding of experience from elsewhere, carefully adapted to the social, political and cultural context and questions of feasibility. This Handbook includes recommendations on making provisions for accountability and reconciliation in peace negotiations and methods for accountability and reconciliation, with case studies from Northern Ireland, Cambodia, and Rwanda.

Education and Transitional Justice: Opportunities and Challenges for Peacebuilding

Clara Ramírez-Barat and Roger Duthie

Download full PDF from ictj.org

16 November 2015

This report, part of a joint research project by ICTJ and UNICEF on the intersections of education, transitional justice, and peacebuilding, explores how a transitional justice framework can help to identify educational deficits relating to the logic of past conflict and/or repression and inform the reconstruction of the education sector. Drawing on comparative experiences from around the world, it looks at how formal and informal education can help facilitate the work of transitional justice measures and vice versa. Page 35 begins practical recommendations for Transitional Justice practitioners, policymakers, civil society actors, education practitioners, policymakers, and donors. For more on the project, visit the project webpage: https://www.ictj.org/our-work/research/education-peacebuilding

Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework: A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC). It responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these serious violations - and is designed to assist policymakers and practitioners working at all levels to bridge this gap. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This resource is the Spanish version of the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework." El Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados es un recurso práctico que promueve mecanismos para abordar casos de violaciones graves derecho internacional cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes en situaciones de conflicto armado (rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ). Elaborado como respuesta al importante vacío existente en materia de prevención y reparación de este tipo de violaciones, este Marco aporta los siguientes elementos: 1. una definición completa y estructura para entender la cuestión de la rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ; 2. orientaciones metodológicas prácticas que pueden ser adaptadas y aplicadas en diferentes contextos con el objeto de aumentar las acciones de rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ.

Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

December 2014

In response to the use of schools and universities by parties to armed conflict, this resource establishes six guidelines to protect schools and universities. These guidelines are intended to assist actors planning military operations and organizations monitoring armed conflict. The annexes include the international legal framework and examples of domestic law and practices.

Child Soldiers: A Handbook for Security Sector Actors

Child Soldiers Initiative

See full resource on childsoldiers.org

1 September 2014

The Roméo Dallaire Initiative’s landmark publication, Child Soldiers: A Handbook for Security Sector Actors aims to highlight and reinforce the various roles that security sector actors (i.e. military, police, prison personnel and peacekeepers) can play in protecting all children affected by war. Pages 68-76 cover security sector actors' roles in supporting monitoring and reporting serious violations against children in armed conflict. This Handbook is available in French and English.

Establishing a Vetting Mechanism for the Security Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Download full PDF from hrw.org

April 2014

The 2013 benchmarks of the national follow-up mechanisms for the Peace, Stability and Cooperation Framework Agreement for Congo and the Region included the establishment of a vetting mechanism. This resource describes how such a mechanism could work in the DRC context and how it differs from the human rights screening process of MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission.

Core Competencies for Security Sector Training on the Prevention of the Use of Child Soldiers

The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Download full PDF from childsoldiers.org

March 2014

The Dallaire Initiative partnered with The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) to develop a set of Core Competencies for all security sector training related to child soldiers. The document also provides an overview of the international legal framework relating to the protection of children in armed conflict.

Protecting children in armed conflict: key rules from Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment

Geneva Call

Download full PDF from genevacall.org

November 2013

Designed as a training booklet, this resource provides twelve key rules from Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment in an accessible visual format. Rules include the prohibition of the use of children in combat or combat-related activities, prohibition against forcing children to associate with armed forces, prohibition against recruitment, and sanctioning violations in accordance with international standards.

Annex XVII: Model legislative provisions on the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

23 May 2013

Part of the Manual on Domestic Implementation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), this resource provides two possible model legislative provisions intended to guide States in the drafting of legislation which prohibits the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict. The first model text uses the “straight 18” approach while the second text follows existing provisions in treaty and customary law. This resource provides commentary on the models, as well as sources from international law, national legislation, and other practice.

Child Protection Model Law, Best Practices: Protection of Children from Neglect, Abuse, Maltreatment, and Exploitation

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze of Advanced and International Studies; International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Download full PDF from protectionproject.org

January 2013

Citing 130 domestic laws from 68 countries, this resource provides models laws on child protection, including protection of children in situations of emergency and armed conflict, for legislators drafting or amending child protection laws. These model laws are based upon international standards and best practices on child protection, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Optional Protocol to the CRC on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC).

Protecting Education in Countries Affected by Conflict: Legal Accountability and the Duty to Protect (Booklet 2)

Global Education Cluster, Save the Children, Education Above All

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

31 August 2012

This booklet covers legal accountability and the duty to protect. Explaining how and why attacks on education violate international law and have serious long-term consequences, this booklet gives an overview of the problem, potential responses, and guidelines to train others to protect education. This booklet is part of a series providing guidance and resources for field practitioners on critical protection-related issues. The booklets should be used alongside the Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies "Minimum Standards for Education: Preparedness, Response, Recovery." The compendium of booklets is available here: http://reliefweb.int/report/world/protecting-education-countries-affected-armed-conflict

Ten Steps to Setting Up Complaints and Response Mechanisms

Save the Children

See full resource on aimstandingteam.wordpress.com

8 March 2012

This short video is intended to share steps to establishing complaints and response mechanism (CRM). It features the Complaints and Response Mechanisms (CRM) Pilot in Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya in 2011. Complaints handling is part of the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP) Standard for accountability and quality management.

A Framework for the Protection of Children

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

2012

This resource provides an overview of UNHCR’s policies and practice regarding child protection and shares UNHCR’s guiding principles and approaches. It articulates UNHCR’s six goals regarding the rights of children and relevant benchmarks. The annex includes UNHCR’s policy framework for the protection of children.

Informal Justice Systems: Charting a Course for Human Rights-Based Engagement

UN Women; UNICEF; UN Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from undp.org

2012

This resource explores how informal justice systems and programs that include such systems can promote respect for human rights. It provides an overview of issues that international development and justice actors should consider before involvement informal justice mechanisms. This resource considers the place of children’s rights and women’s rights within informal justice systems.

Study on Field-based Programmatic Measures to Protect Education from Attack

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

December 2011

This resource outlines types of programmatic measures to protect education from attack under four headings: protection, prevention, advocacy, and monitoring and reporting. Attacks against education include attacks against students, educators, and other educational personnel at educational institutions. Recommended programmatic measures range from local initiatives to systemic-level interventions intended to prevent conflict. The annex includes 20 country-specific examples.

Child Protection in United Nations Peacekeeping

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from un.org

September 2011

This resource highlights the role of child protection and child protection advisers in UN peace operations. It examines child protection in the contexts of Afghanistan, Lebanon, Haiti, and the Sudan. Page 17 answers questions about the role and function of child protection in UN peacekeeping.

Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

September 2011

This resource supports advocacy initiatives aimed at strengthening States’ protection of children’s rights and best interests during and after armed conflict. It examines children as victims and witnesses in judicial processes such as courts and tribunals, and in non-judicial processes such as truth and reconciliation commissions and traditional and restorative justice mechanisms. This report also looks at the concepts of reparations and reintegration. It uses the international legal framework and case studies to create recommendations for States, UN agencies, civil society organizations, and child protection actors.

Through a New Lens: A Child-Sensitive Approach to Transitional Justice

Cécile Aptel and Virginie Ladisch, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

September 2011

Based on assessments of Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and Nepal, this resource examines the ways in which transitional justice can engage children and consider their needs. It assesses the extent to which truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform have raised awareness about the victimization of children.

Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict

Julia Freedson, Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cdint.org

June 2011

This resource examines the accountability gap for violations committed against children in situations of armed conflict. It evaluates actions to attain accountability through efforts at the national level, UN Security Council, and international level. The report provides several policy options to address the accountability gap and features case studies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Colombia.

Guide for setting-up Child Friendly Complaints and Response Mechanisms (CRMs): Lessons Learnt from Save the Children’s CRM in Dadaab Refugee Camp

Save the Children

Download full PDF from hapinternational.org

2011

This resource provides guidance on creating a complaints and response mechanism (CRM) in a child-friendly manner. Using a pilot case study from Ifo Camp, Dabaab, North Eastern Kenya, this resource provides information on setting up a CRM, awareness raising, recording complaints, challenges, and lessons learned. The annex includes a stakeholder mapping tools used during their consultations with children.

Guidelines on Action for Children in the Justice System in Africa

UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence Against Children

See full resource on srsg.violenceagainstchildren.org

2011

Intended for African governments, this resource aims to provide guidance on implementing African Union (AU) and other regional and international treaty bodies. The guidelines include a set of overarching principles, general measures of implementation, an overview of child friendly justice, fair trial rights for children in conflict with the law and for child victims and witnesses, and alternative care proceedings. This resource also discusses traditional justice and provides minimum standards for traditional courts.

Criteria for the Design and Evaluation of Juvenile Justice Reform Programmes

Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ); UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Download full PDF from unrol.org

September 2010

This resource identifies good practice for juvenile justice programs and develops a set of criteria for their design and evaluation based on the rights of the child enshrined in international norms and standards. This resource also considers basic principles and programs for child victims and witnesses of crimes. The annex includes sample programming goals, objectives, outcomes, and potential impact.

Children and Security Sector Reform in Post-conflict Peace-building

David Nosworthy, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef-irc.org

June 2010

This resource considers children and youth in the post-conflict peacebuilding phase of restoring justice and security. It discusses national structures and mechanisms, such as hybrid courts, domestic prosecution, and truth commissions, and articulates their relevance to children and young people. This report also explores the role of civil society organizations in building accountability and good governance within the security sector.

Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children, UN General Assembly Resolution 64/142

UN General Assembly

Download full PDF from unicef.org

24 February 2010

This resource provides UN guidelines for the alternative care of children, which are intended to enhance implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). This resource is intended to assist and encourage governments to implement their responsibilities and obligations towards children, including in situations of armed conflict.

DDR, Transitional Justice, and the Reintegration of Former Child Combatants

Roger Duthie and Irma Specht, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

February 2010

This resource explores how transitional justice measures may positively affect former child combatants by reducing social exclusion from their communities. It considers several issues in relation to reintegration of children; such issues include truth-telling, reparations, local justice, and prosecutions.

Child Protection Systems Mapping and Assessment Toolkit: Users’ Guide

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

2010

This resource is intended to help practitioners develop comprehensive national child protection systems and prioritize actions. Mapping and assessment should include an analysis of the current child protection system, an understanding of the legal and normative framework, highlighting key risks, identifying global best practices, finding opportunities to improve services, and planning for the necessary financial and human resources.

Children and Armed Conflict: A Guide to International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law

International Bureau for Children’s Rights (ICBR)

Download full PDF from ibcr.org

2010

This resource provides an overview of the international legal framework, and explains the practical applicability of the law and standards as they relate to children and armed conflict. This resource also discusses internally displaced children; sexual violence against children; child labor; children and landmines and cluster bombs; children and small armed and light weapons; child victims, witnesses and perpetrators of crimes; and the role of children in peace processes.

Operational Guide to the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Inter-agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR)

Download full PDF from iddrtg.org

2010

This resource is intended to accompany the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) document. As an operational guide, this resource summarizes key guidance from each IDDRS module. Guidance 5.20 and 5.30 focus on youth and children DDR; it examines reintegration programming, advocacy, and prevention of recruitment.

Guidelines on International Protection No. 8: Child Asylum Claims under Article 1(A)2 and 1(F) of the 1951 Convention and/or 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

22 December 2009

This resource is intended to provide legal interpretive guidance for governments, legal practitioners, decision makers, the judiciary, and other practitioners who need assistance carrying out refugee status determination in the field. This resource also provides guidelines on carrying out this determination in a child-sensitive manner and includes an overview of the relevant international legal framework.

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation

International Labour Organization (ILO), UNICEF

See full resource on ilo.org

July 2009

This resource aims to assist donor governments, workers, employers and NGOs to combat trafficking in children for labor, sexual, and other forms of exploitation. Exploitation is defined to include the forced or compulsory recruitment of children. The training manual includes three textbooks, an exercise book, and facilitator’s guide.

What is Transitional Justice?

International Center for Transitional Justice

Download full PDF from ictj.org

1 January 2009

This two-page fact sheet describes transitional justice; where it came from and how it is used as a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. The aims of transitional justice will vary depending on the context but these features are constant: the recognition of the dignity of individuals; the redress and acknowledgment of violations; and the aim to prevent them happening again. Transitional justice is often approached in the following forms: criminal prosecutions, truth seeking/fact finding, reparations, reforms. More information is also available on the International Center for Transitional Justice website: https://www.ictj.org/about/transitional-justice

Behind the Uniform: Training the military in child rights and children protection in Africa

Save the Children Sweden

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2009

In 1998, Save the Children Sweden began training military personnel, including pre-deployed peacekeepers, in child rights and child protection across Africa. This resource outlines the training program and provides a summary of its achievements, challenges, lessons learned, and recommendations. Annex 3 includes the international legal framework for child protection in conflict settings. Annex 5 lists the materials used during trainings.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Amnesties

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2009

Intended for practitioners, this resource explores the concept of amnesty and considers the relationship between amnesties and other processes of transitional justice, such as truth commissions, the right to remedy and reparations, and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs. This resource also incorporates relevant rules of international law and United Nations policy when drafting amnesties.

Handbook on Legislative Reform: Realising Children’s Rights, Vol. 1

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

November 2008

In order to support implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), this resource examines constitutional and legislative reforms in favor of the rights of children. Taking a human rights-based approach, it considers various guiding principles, rights of victims, prevention, criminalization, and processes and entry points for constitutional and legislative reforms.

Guidance Note of the Secretary-General: UN Approach to Justice for Children

United Nations (UN)

Download full PDF from unrol.org

September 2008

This resource is intended to provide guidance for children’s activities in pre-crisis, crisis, and post-crisis contexts, with particular attention to achieving justice for children at the national level. This resource includes nine guiding principles and a framework for a justice approach to child protection and child participation.

Establishing Gender-Based Violence Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Multi-sectoral and Inter-organizational Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Settings

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

Download full PDF from gbvaor.net

May 2008

Developed in collaboration with UN agencies, government, and non-governmental and community-based organizations, this resource sets out the process for developing a standard operating procedure (SOP) to prevent and respond to gender-based violence (GBV) in various stages of an emergency. An SOP template is available beginning on page 7.

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

January 2008

This resource provides an overview of the legal standards and responsibilities to protect women and girls. It discusses issues such as displacement, prevention, reintegration, participation in peacebuilding processes, and the administration of justice during displacement for formal, traditional, and transitional mechanisms. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the international and regional legal framework. This resource is intended for UNHRC staff, both at headquarters and in the field, and protection partners.

Children as Active Citizens: A Policy and Programme Guide

Inter-Agency Working Group on Children’s Participation (IAWGCP)

Download full PDF from unicef.org

2008

This resource considers commitments and obligations for children’s civil rights and civic engagement in East Asia and the Pacific. It aims to strengthen children’s civil rights and provides guidance on capacities, structures, and resources needed to strengthen children’s civil rights. The annex includes a checklist to assess children’s citizenship and civil rights at the national level. This resource is intended for decision-makers at the national level and service providers to realize civil rights for children.

No One to Turn to: Under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers

Corinna Csáky, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org.uk

2008

Based on focus group interviews and consultations with children and adults living in chronic emergencies, as well as humanitarian professionals, this resource provides a snapshot on the under-reporting of sexual exploitation by aid workers and peacekeepers. Recommendations, which begin on page 22, include building effective local complaints mechanisms, establishing a new global watchdog, and tackling the root causes of abuse.

Security Sector Reform Assessment, Monitoring, and Evaluation and Gender

Nicola Popovic, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF); Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR); United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW)

See full resource on dcaf.ch

2008

Part of a larger gender and security sector reform (SSR) toolkit, this resource examines existing SSR assessment frameworks and considers how to include a gender perspective in these existing tools and approaches. It also looks at gender mainstreaming initiatives in security sector institutions and provides guidance on conducting a gender audit and monitoring and evaluation of gender mainstreaming. This resource recommends consulting marginalized groups, such as child advocacy groups, in the monitoring and evaluation process

The OECD DAC Handbook on Security Systems Reform (SSR): Supporting Security and Justice

Organizations for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

See full resource on keepeek.com

2008

This resource provides guidelines on security sector reform and governance and the design, implementation, and evaluation of such programs. Intended to inform donor support for SSR, this resource specifically targets development, security, rule of law, and diplomatic actors. This resource also discusses developing an integrated approach to SSR for countries emerging from conflict and related issues such as transitional justice and disarmament demobilization, and reintegration programs.

The Paris Commitments to protect children from unlawful recruitment or use by armed forces or armed groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

The Paris Principles. Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

Supporting the Realization of Children’s Rights through a Rights-Based Approach to Legislative Reform

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

January 2007

This resource aims to guide UNICEF regional and country offices in programming for child rights in legislative reform and creating the necessary human and financial resources for legislative reform. This resource links the issue of legislative reform to the key international policies and laws and emphasizes the importance of the national legal system. The resource concludes by examining cross-cutting issues and challenges and provides indicators, sample program plans, and checklists.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ); Social Science Research Council (SSRC)

See full resource on ssrc.org

2007

The second volume in the ICTJ’s Advancing Transitional Justice Series, this resource is comprised of a collection of essays that explores the issue of vetting in a variety of countries and contexts. Chapter 13 examines vetting and transitional justice. The appendix includes operational guidelines for vetting public employees in post-conflict settings.

IASC Gender Handbook: Women, Girls, Boys and Men: Different Needs – Equal Opportunities

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

See full resource on unhcr.org

December 2006

This resource is intended to assist field practitioners responding to humanitarian emergencies in meeting standards for integrating gender issues. It offers checklists for monitoring gender equality programming and focuses on major cross-cutting issues such as camp coordination and management, education, food issues, health, livelihoods, non-food items, registration, shelter, and WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene).

Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Resource Centre

See full resource on iddrtg.org

2006

This resource is intended to guide practitioners on a range of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities and programs. Module 5.20 looks specifically at youth and DDR and considers socio-economic reintegration strategies for youth and young-ex-combatants, gender issues, and socio-political integration. Module 5.30 examines children and DDR and considers programming, access of children to DDR programs, prevention of recruitment and re-recruitment of children, and DDR programming for girls.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Mapping the justice sector

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

This resource aims to assist UN missions and transitional administrations in mapping the justice sector to understand how it operates in states before and during conflict. This resource provides an overview of key institutions, mechanisms, and priorities such as linkages between institutions and oversight bodies or accountability mechanisms. Page 14 focuses on traditional justice.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Truth Commissions

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

This resource establishes principles and standards for the creation of truth commissions and explores core operational activities such as statement-taking, building a database, research and investigations, public hearings, public outreach, and report writing. It also explores the link between truth commissions, prosecutions, reparations, vetting, and reforms. The role of national and international NGOs in truth commissions is considered. Meant to assist field missions and transitional administrations, this resource uses lessons learned from previous UN field missions in Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Vetting: an operational framework

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

Written for United Nations field staff and others responsible for institutional and personnel reform in post-conflict states, this resource provides an overview of vetting as a tool of institutional reform and transitional justice. It also explores the conditions of transitional personnel reform, operational guidelines for assessment and designing the vetting process, and considerations regarding the political conditions surrounding reform.

Vetting Public Employees in Post-Conflict Settings: Operational Guidelines

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2006

This resource provides guidance on vetting in post-conflict settings. It includes an overview of factors that determine a vetting process, designing a vetting process, different types of vetting, and other relevant institutional reforms. The annex includes a vetting checklist, a capacity and integrity framework, and relevant conventions and codes for vetting in security and judicial sectors.

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law

United Nations General Assembly

See full resource on ohchr.org

December 2005

This UN General Assembly resolution provides principles related to State's obligations concerning reparations to victims of international humanitarian and human rights abuses. Victims have a right to be treated humanely and with respect, to access justice and relevant information, and to be afforded adequate and effective reparation without discrimination.

The Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration of Children Associated with the Fighting Forces: Lessons Learned in Sierra Leone 1998-2002

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

June 2005

This resource looks at the children’s aspect of Sierra Leone’s disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program. It also provides an overview of DDR during and after the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war. Other topics covered include an analysis of girls in the DDR process, family tracing and reunification, alternative care, reintegration, strategies of prevention, and lessons learned.

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Reports

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission

See full resource on sierraleonetrc.org

2005

This resource is the final report of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission, held from 2002 to 2004. Volume Two, Chapter 3 contains recommendations concerning legal, political, and administrative reforms and measures, and includes a specific category for children. Volume Two, Chapter 4 provides the legal basis for reparations, lists categories for eligible beneficiaries, including children, and makes recommendations on according the benefits and effectively implementing the reparation program.

Model Complaints and Investigation Procedures and Guidance Related to Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

Download full PDF from un.org

March 2004

Developed by the IASC Task Force on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, this resource details steps taken when NGO staff or UN agency staff are suspected of sexual exploitation and abuse of women or children. Intended to build a consistent approach across all agencies, this resource provides an overview of complaints mechanisms, investigation guidelines, and interviewing witnesses and victims. Interview guidelines pay special attention to interviewing children.

Conflict-sensitive approaches to development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding

Saferworld

See full resource on saferworld.org.uk

January 2004

This resource provides frameworks and guidelines to conflict-sensitive programming in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. It examines conflict-sensitive planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, sectoral approaches, and approaches for mainstreaming conflict sensitivity.

Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

See full resource on icrc.org

January 2004

This resource focuses on children affected by armed conflict who become separated from their families, as well as unaccompanied children and orphans. It includes principles and guidelines for special issues related to refugee children and promoting children’s rights. The annex provides a list of key international instruments relating to separated children.

Child Protection: A handbook for parliamentarians

Inter-parliamentary Union; UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

2004

Intended to assist parliaments and their members in legislating and promoting child protection, this resource provides an overview of specific child protection issues and explains international standards on child protection. Chapter 7 examines the issue of children and armed conflict. Other issues examined include sexual exploitation of children, harmful traditional practices, alternative care, juvenile justice, and the rights of child victims.

Children in War

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

2004

This resource contains ICRC documents related to children affected by armed conflict. Documents include: a summary table of international humanitarian law provisions applicable to children; an overview of child protection and humanitarian assistance activities for children; and a summary of the ICRC’s communication programs for young people and mine action programs.

Gender-Based Violence: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Judy A. Benjamin, Lynn Murchison, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

Intended for staff in emergency situations, this resource focuses on the prevention of gender-based violence in emergency field operations. It includes Save the Children’s programming framework, principles, and process. Section III on page 9 provides an overview of international legal and policy instruments. Page 46 includes an implementation checklist.

Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2004

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource organizes major human rights topics for police. Relevant international human rights standards on topics such as investigations, arrest, detention and the use of force are explored. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide.

Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons: Guidelines for Prevention and Response

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

May 2003

This resource provides guidance for protection of refugees against sexual and gender-based violence. It provides guiding principles and considers prevention strategies through transforming socio-cultural norms, rebuilding community support systems, improving accountability systems, and monitoring and documenting of sexual and gender-based violence. The annex includes a code of conduct and sample report forms.

International Criminal Justice and Children

No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ); UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef.org

September 2002

This resource introduces the international framework for children and justice, including international legal protection standards and judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. It takes a particular look at protection of children in times of war and use of child soldiers, as well as protection of children as victims and witnesses. In particular, it outlines the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), as well as its relation to national justice systems. Finally, it gives some concrete recommendations on the role of children in non-judicial mechanisms like truth commissions and traditional accountability mechanisms.

Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2002

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource provides an outline of training on human rights topics, group exercises, instructions, guidance for trainers, and handouts, including on the protection of juveniles. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and the Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police.

International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement: A Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2002

This resource summarizes relevant international standards for police regarding their lawful and humane functions in democratic societies. It contains relevant standards for the protection of juveniles and the human rights of women. It is designed to complement OHCHR’s Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide on Human Rights for the Police and Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police.

Child Soldiers: Preventing, Demobilizing and Reintegrating

Beth Verhey, World Bank

Download full PDF from worldbank.org

November 2001

Drawing on case studies from Angola and El Salvador, this resource provides examples, techniques and checklists on prevention, demobilization, and reintegration of child soldiers. It considers issues such as family reunification and community-based networks, psychosocial and traditional healing, and education and economic opportunity. It also includes checklists, lessons learned, and the international legal framework.

Child Soldiers: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Mark Lorey, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org

2001

Intended as a practical reference for practitioners in emergency settings, this resource is designed for field, headquarters, and Save the Children partner organization staff members who design and manage children and war programs. It discusses child soldiers and their vulnerabilities, the international framework, and a programming framework that includes demobilization and reintegration, and a process for program design.

Children Not Soldiers: Guidelines for working with child soldiers and children associated with fighting forces

Isobel McConnan and Sarah Uppard, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2001

This resource provides guidance for practitioners working with children involved in armed conflict. Part 1 includes an overview of the responsibilities of states, the international community, and non-state armed groups, and the legal framework that grounds all action to protect children associated with fighting forces. Part 2 addresses the military recruitment of children.

Child Rights and Child Protection before, during, and after conflict: Training Manual for Military Personnel

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); Save the Children Sweden

Download full PDF from ovcsupport.net

December 2000

Drafted for military trainers, this resource is intended to train military personnel and familiarize them with the legal instruments of child protection and child rights. The manual’s themes include the legal standards on child rights and child protection, the effects of armed conflict on children, and collaborating with humanitarian organizations and civil authorities. Additional materials include handouts, exercises, checklists, and other visuals.

Cape Town Principles and Best Practices

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

30 April 1997

Adopted at the Symposium on the 'Prevention on recruitment of children into armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa,' the Cape Town Principles and Best Practices provide guidance on prevention of child recruitment, demobilization of child soldiers, and reintegration into family and community life. This resource provides guiding principles, such giving priority to children in a demobilization process or considering the special protection needs of children who leave armed groups before the end of hostilities.

Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

1994

Intended for UNHCR staff and its operational partners, this resource provides guidelines on the protection and care of refugee children. It includes an overview of treaty standards, cultural considerations, psychosocial well-being, personal liberty and security, legal status, education, and unaccompanied children. The Annex provides UNHRC’s policy on refugee children.

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