36 Resources Found

Age Assessment Guidelines to Prevent and Respond to Child Recruitment in the Afghanistan National Security Forces

Afghanistan National Security Forces

See full resource on reliefweb.int

15 February 2016

These are guidelines from the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The document describes an age assessment process to prevent enlisting underage members into the national armed forceswhen identity documents are not available. Prepared by experts, practitioners, military officials, and UNICEF, these principles suggest an assessment based on five components including direct interviews with the individual, interviews with family and community members, crosschecking of all available information, documentation, and referral to services and reintegration. Child sensitive age assessment techniques are provided operating within international human rights obligations. This document and annexed checklists are applicable to both national armed forces and armed groups in order to ensure the enforcement of the international humanitarian law obligation to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers and to reform the recruitment process to prevent the violation before it happens. This resource is available in both English and Dari.

Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework: A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC). It responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these serious violations - and is designed to assist policymakers and practitioners working at all levels to bridge this gap. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This resource is the Spanish version of the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework." El Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados es un recurso práctico que promueve mecanismos para abordar casos de violaciones graves derecho internacional cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes en situaciones de conflicto armado (rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ). Elaborado como respuesta al importante vacío existente en materia de prevención y reparación de este tipo de violaciones, este Marco aporta los siguientes elementos: 1. una definición completa y estructura para entender la cuestión de la rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ; 2. orientaciones metodológicas prácticas que pueden ser adaptadas y aplicadas en diferentes contextos con el objeto de aumentar las acciones de rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ.

Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

December 2014

In response to the use of schools and universities by parties to armed conflict, this resource establishes six guidelines to protect schools and universities. These guidelines are intended to assist actors planning military operations and organizations monitoring armed conflict. The annexes include the international legal framework and examples of domestic law and practices.

Annex XVII: Model legislative provisions on the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

23 May 2013

Part of the Manual on Domestic Implementation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), this resource provides two possible model legislative provisions intended to guide States in the drafting of legislation which prohibits the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict. The first model text uses the “straight 18” approach while the second text follows existing provisions in treaty and customary law. This resource provides commentary on the models, as well as sources from international law, national legislation, and other practice.

A Framework for the Protection of Children

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

2012

This resource provides an overview of UNHCR’s policies and practice regarding child protection and shares UNHCR’s guiding principles and approaches. It articulates UNHCR’s six goals regarding the rights of children and relevant benchmarks. The annex includes UNHCR’s policy framework for the protection of children.

Informal Justice Systems: Charting a Course for Human Rights-Based Engagement

UN Women; UNICEF; UN Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from undp.org

2012

This resource explores how informal justice systems and programs that include such systems can promote respect for human rights. It provides an overview of issues that international development and justice actors should consider before involvement informal justice mechanisms. This resource considers the place of children’s rights and women’s rights within informal justice systems.

Guidelines on Action for Children in the Justice System in Africa

UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence Against Children

See full resource on srsg.violenceagainstchildren.org

2011

Intended for African governments, this resource aims to provide guidance on implementing African Union (AU) and other regional and international treaty bodies. The guidelines include a set of overarching principles, general measures of implementation, an overview of child friendly justice, fair trial rights for children in conflict with the law and for child victims and witnesses, and alternative care proceedings. This resource also discusses traditional justice and provides minimum standards for traditional courts.

Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children, UN General Assembly Resolution 64/142

UN General Assembly

Download full PDF from unicef.org

24 February 2010

This resource provides UN guidelines for the alternative care of children, which are intended to enhance implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). This resource is intended to assist and encourage governments to implement their responsibilities and obligations towards children, including in situations of armed conflict.

Children and Armed Conflict: A Guide to International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law

International Bureau for Children’s Rights (ICBR)

Download full PDF from ibcr.org

2010

This resource provides an overview of the international legal framework, and explains the practical applicability of the law and standards as they relate to children and armed conflict. This resource also discusses internally displaced children; sexual violence against children; child labor; children and landmines and cluster bombs; children and small armed and light weapons; child victims, witnesses and perpetrators of crimes; and the role of children in peace processes.

Operational Guide to the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Inter-agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR)

Download full PDF from iddrtg.org

2010

This resource is intended to accompany the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) document. As an operational guide, this resource summarizes key guidance from each IDDRS module. Guidance 5.20 and 5.30 focus on youth and children DDR; it examines reintegration programming, advocacy, and prevention of recruitment.

Guidelines on International Protection No. 8: Child Asylum Claims under Article 1(A)2 and 1(F) of the 1951 Convention and/or 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

22 December 2009

This resource is intended to provide legal interpretive guidance for governments, legal practitioners, decision makers, the judiciary, and other practitioners who need assistance carrying out refugee status determination in the field. This resource also provides guidelines on carrying out this determination in a child-sensitive manner and includes an overview of the relevant international legal framework.

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation

International Labour Organization (ILO), UNICEF

See full resource on ilo.org

July 2009

This resource aims to assist donor governments, workers, employers and NGOs to combat trafficking in children for labor, sexual, and other forms of exploitation. Exploitation is defined to include the forced or compulsory recruitment of children. The training manual includes three textbooks, an exercise book, and facilitator’s guide.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Amnesties

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2009

Intended for practitioners, this resource explores the concept of amnesty and considers the relationship between amnesties and other processes of transitional justice, such as truth commissions, the right to remedy and reparations, and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs. This resource also incorporates relevant rules of international law and United Nations policy when drafting amnesties.

Handbook on Legislative Reform: Realising Children’s Rights, Vol. 1

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

November 2008

In order to support implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), this resource examines constitutional and legislative reforms in favor of the rights of children. Taking a human rights-based approach, it considers various guiding principles, rights of victims, prevention, criminalization, and processes and entry points for constitutional and legislative reforms.

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

January 2008

This resource provides an overview of the legal standards and responsibilities to protect women and girls. It discusses issues such as displacement, prevention, reintegration, participation in peacebuilding processes, and the administration of justice during displacement for formal, traditional, and transitional mechanisms. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the international and regional legal framework. This resource is intended for UNHRC staff, both at headquarters and in the field, and protection partners.

The OECD DAC Handbook on Security Systems Reform (SSR): Supporting Security and Justice

Organizations for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

See full resource on keepeek.com

2008

This resource provides guidelines on security sector reform and governance and the design, implementation, and evaluation of such programs. Intended to inform donor support for SSR, this resource specifically targets development, security, rule of law, and diplomatic actors. This resource also discusses developing an integrated approach to SSR for countries emerging from conflict and related issues such as transitional justice and disarmament demobilization, and reintegration programs.

The Paris Principles. Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

Supporting the Realization of Children’s Rights through a Rights-Based Approach to Legislative Reform

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

January 2007

This resource aims to guide UNICEF regional and country offices in programming for child rights in legislative reform and creating the necessary human and financial resources for legislative reform. This resource links the issue of legislative reform to the key international policies and laws and emphasizes the importance of the national legal system. The resource concludes by examining cross-cutting issues and challenges and provides indicators, sample program plans, and checklists.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ); Social Science Research Council (SSRC)

See full resource on ssrc.org

2007

The second volume in the ICTJ’s Advancing Transitional Justice Series, this resource is comprised of a collection of essays that explores the issue of vetting in a variety of countries and contexts. Chapter 13 examines vetting and transitional justice. The appendix includes operational guidelines for vetting public employees in post-conflict settings.

IASC Gender Handbook: Women, Girls, Boys and Men: Different Needs – Equal Opportunities

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

See full resource on unhcr.org

December 2006

This resource is intended to assist field practitioners responding to humanitarian emergencies in meeting standards for integrating gender issues. It offers checklists for monitoring gender equality programming and focuses on major cross-cutting issues such as camp coordination and management, education, food issues, health, livelihoods, non-food items, registration, shelter, and WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene).

Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Resource Centre

See full resource on iddrtg.org

2006

This resource is intended to guide practitioners on a range of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities and programs. Module 5.20 looks specifically at youth and DDR and considers socio-economic reintegration strategies for youth and young-ex-combatants, gender issues, and socio-political integration. Module 5.30 examines children and DDR and considers programming, access of children to DDR programs, prevention of recruitment and re-recruitment of children, and DDR programming for girls.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Mapping the justice sector

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

This resource aims to assist UN missions and transitional administrations in mapping the justice sector to understand how it operates in states before and during conflict. This resource provides an overview of key institutions, mechanisms, and priorities such as linkages between institutions and oversight bodies or accountability mechanisms. Page 14 focuses on traditional justice.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Vetting: an operational framework

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

Written for United Nations field staff and others responsible for institutional and personnel reform in post-conflict states, this resource provides an overview of vetting as a tool of institutional reform and transitional justice. It also explores the conditions of transitional personnel reform, operational guidelines for assessment and designing the vetting process, and considerations regarding the political conditions surrounding reform.

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law

United Nations General Assembly

See full resource on ohchr.org

December 2005

This UN General Assembly resolution provides principles related to State's obligations concerning reparations to victims of international humanitarian and human rights abuses. Victims have a right to be treated humanely and with respect, to access justice and relevant information, and to be afforded adequate and effective reparation without discrimination.

Conflict-sensitive approaches to development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding

Saferworld

See full resource on saferworld.org.uk

January 2004

This resource provides frameworks and guidelines to conflict-sensitive programming in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. It examines conflict-sensitive planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, sectoral approaches, and approaches for mainstreaming conflict sensitivity.

Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

See full resource on icrc.org

January 2004

This resource focuses on children affected by armed conflict who become separated from their families, as well as unaccompanied children and orphans. It includes principles and guidelines for special issues related to refugee children and promoting children’s rights. The annex provides a list of key international instruments relating to separated children.

Child Protection: A handbook for parliamentarians

Inter-parliamentary Union; UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

2004

Intended to assist parliaments and their members in legislating and promoting child protection, this resource provides an overview of specific child protection issues and explains international standards on child protection. Chapter 7 examines the issue of children and armed conflict. Other issues examined include sexual exploitation of children, harmful traditional practices, alternative care, juvenile justice, and the rights of child victims.

Gender-Based Violence: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Judy A. Benjamin, Lynn Murchison, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

Intended for staff in emergency situations, this resource focuses on the prevention of gender-based violence in emergency field operations. It includes Save the Children’s programming framework, principles, and process. Section III on page 9 provides an overview of international legal and policy instruments. Page 46 includes an implementation checklist.

Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2004

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource organizes major human rights topics for police. Relevant international human rights standards on topics such as investigations, arrest, detention and the use of force are explored. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide.

Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons: Guidelines for Prevention and Response

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

May 2003

This resource provides guidance for protection of refugees against sexual and gender-based violence. It provides guiding principles and considers prevention strategies through transforming socio-cultural norms, rebuilding community support systems, improving accountability systems, and monitoring and documenting of sexual and gender-based violence. The annex includes a code of conduct and sample report forms.

International Criminal Justice and Children

No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ); UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef.org

September 2002

This resource introduces the international framework for children and justice, including international legal protection standards and judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. It takes a particular look at protection of children in times of war and use of child soldiers, as well as protection of children as victims and witnesses. In particular, it outlines the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), as well as its relation to national justice systems. Finally, it gives some concrete recommendations on the role of children in non-judicial mechanisms like truth commissions and traditional accountability mechanisms.

Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2002

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource provides an outline of training on human rights topics, group exercises, instructions, guidance for trainers, and handouts, including on the protection of juveniles. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and the Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police.

Child Soldiers: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Mark Lorey, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org

2001

Intended as a practical reference for practitioners in emergency settings, this resource is designed for field, headquarters, and Save the Children partner organization staff members who design and manage children and war programs. It discusses child soldiers and their vulnerabilities, the international framework, and a programming framework that includes demobilization and reintegration, and a process for program design.

Children Not Soldiers: Guidelines for working with child soldiers and children associated with fighting forces

Isobel McConnan and Sarah Uppard, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2001

This resource provides guidance for practitioners working with children involved in armed conflict. Part 1 includes an overview of the responsibilities of states, the international community, and non-state armed groups, and the legal framework that grounds all action to protect children associated with fighting forces. Part 2 addresses the military recruitment of children.

Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

1994

Intended for UNHCR staff and its operational partners, this resource provides guidelines on the protection and care of refugee children. It includes an overview of treaty standards, cultural considerations, psychosocial well-being, personal liberty and security, legal status, education, and unaccompanied children. The Annex provides UNHRC’s policy on refugee children.

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