30 Resources Found

Reducing Risk, Strengthening Resilience: Toward the Structural Prevention of Atrocity Crimes

Alex Bellamy, Stanley Foundation

Download full PDF from stanleyfoundation.org

1 April 2016

This is a policy brief that outlines how to apply structural prevention of atrocity crimes, particularly at the national and local level. The recommendations intend to assist actors to reduce the occurrence of risk factors of atrocities and increase societal resilience. Particular to addressing serious violations against children in armed conflict, this brief includes rule of law, accountability, and commitment to guarantees of non-recurrence of violations as key to prevention and resilience. Also recommended is reforming legal and judicial systems for greater accountability and ensuring the legal empowerment of marginalized communities.

The Role of the Education Cluster in Monitoring, Reporting and Responding to Attacks on Education – Mapping of Perspectives and Practices

Elizabeth Cossor, Global Education Cluster

Download full PDF from educationcluster.net

April 2016

Attacks on education and the military use of schools are a major challenge to education provision in conflict-affected countries. In recent years, Education Clusters and Education in Emergencies Working Groups have been increasingly engaged in monitoring, reporting and responding to attacks on education and the military use of schools and using this as a basis for advocacy, prevention and response consistent with the cluster mandate of ensuring a timely and effective education response. This report aims to capture a range of perspectives on the Education Cluster’s role at the global and national levels, and to map the current Education Cluster practices, including the main challenges and lessons learned. The Education Cluster’s role includes contributing to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) as a means to support accountability and higher level actions and political advocacy alongside cluster monitoring and reporting of attacks on education.

Education and Transitional Justice: Opportunities and Challenges for Peacebuilding

Clara Ramírez-Barat and Roger Duthie

Download full PDF from ictj.org

16 November 2015

This report, part of a joint research project by ICTJ and UNICEF on the intersections of education, transitional justice, and peacebuilding, explores how a transitional justice framework can help to identify educational deficits relating to the logic of past conflict and/or repression and inform the reconstruction of the education sector. Drawing on comparative experiences from around the world, it looks at how formal and informal education can help facilitate the work of transitional justice measures and vice versa. Page 35 begins practical recommendations for Transitional Justice practitioners, policymakers, civil society actors, education practitioners, policymakers, and donors. For more on the project, visit the project webpage: https://www.ictj.org/our-work/research/education-peacebuilding

The Long Road: Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Settings

Kim Thuy Seelinger and Julie Freccero

Download full PDF from law.berkeley.edu

2015

Researchers at the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, conducted a four-country study in Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Uganda to identify key accountability barriers and strategies for reporting, investigating, and prosecuting cases of sexual violence. The resulting 279 interviews identified key themes related to the reporting, investigation, and prosecution of cases of sexual violence for domestic accountability for sexual violence committed as an international crime. Recommendations for domestic actors from across health, legal, judicial, and community sectors are included to address survivors’ claims of sexual violence both during and after periods of armed conflict and other emergencies, with specific mention of children's particular needs within legal processes.

Establishing a Vetting Mechanism for the Security Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Download full PDF from hrw.org

April 2014

The 2013 benchmarks of the national follow-up mechanisms for the Peace, Stability and Cooperation Framework Agreement for Congo and the Region included the establishment of a vetting mechanism. This resource describes how such a mechanism could work in the DRC context and how it differs from the human rights screening process of MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission.

The Role of Communities in Protecting Education from Attack: Lessons Learned

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

2014

This resource lays out guidelines for implementing programs that protect education from attack. Included is a 10-step guideline for working in collaboration with local communities, examples for various case studies around the world, and strategies for staffing, working with local partners, and using child participation. The document uses Cote d’Ivoire as a case study of how communities worked with UN agencies and international NGOs and presents key findings.

Global Good Practices Study: Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UNICEF; UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from mrmtools.org

November 2013

This resource examines lessons learned and good practices from the field. Developed by MRM task-force co-chairs and child protection practitioners, this resource considers issues such as establishing and phasing out the MRM, monitoring and reporting grave violations, information management systems, accountability, engaging parties to the conflict, advocacy, regional cooperation, and child participation. This study is part of the MRM Tools website, which also includes the MRM Guidelines, Training Toolkit, and Global Good Practices Study.

Education and the Law of Reparations in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Francesca Capone, Kristin Hausler, Duncan Fairgrieve, Conor McCarthy, Protect Education in Insecurity and Conflict (PEIC); British Institute of International and Comparative Law

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

October 2013

With a focus on reparations, this resource examines how attacks against education during insecurity and armed conflict have previously been redressed and how they may be redressed in the future. It considers education as a form of reparation and explores how education may minimize the risk of future conflict. The appendix includes international and regional treaties, as well as relevant cases.

100 Best Practices in Child Protection

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze of Advanced and International Studies; International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Download full PDF from protectionproject.org

2013

A collection of successful initiatives by civil society organizations and government agencies, this resource provides examples of initiatives aimed at child protection. Part VI on page 90 examines child protection initiatives in situations of emergency and armed conflict, with examples from Iraq, Uganda, Gaza, Liberia, and Rwanda. Part VII on page 100 provides examples of child protection initiatives in the justice system.

Lessons in War: Military Use of Schools and other Education Institutions during Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

November 2012

This resource outlines the military use of education institutions and the consequences of such use on students, teachers, and scholars. It includes an overview a list of initiatives to address armed forces’ and armed groups’ use of education institutions, including the UN Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism, Committee of the Rights of the Child, and voluntary commitments by non-state armed groups. It also provides relevant laws restricting the use of education institutions by armed forces and groups.

Submission on the principles to be applied, and the procedure to be followed by the chamber with regard to reparations

UNICEF; International Criminal Court (ICC)

Download full PDF from icc-cpi.int

10 May 2012

This resource contains UNICEF’s submission to the International Criminal Court in the prosecution against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The document contains UNICEF’s recommendations for the principles and criteria that should guide the ICC’s decisions to awarding reparations.

Summary of ICTJ’s Recommendations to the ICC on Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Ruben Carranza, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2012

This resource summarizes the ICTJ’s submission to the International Criminal Court (ICC) giving recommendations on reparations to victims in the Lubanga case. Recommendations included: ensuring information and access to justice for victims; holding reparations hearings within the Democratic Republic of the Congo; designing a combination of compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and symbolic reparations depending on the category of victim; conducting needs assessment and gender analysis; involving communities; and ensuring perpetrators pay reparations.

Study on Field-based Programmatic Measures to Protect Education from Attack

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

December 2011

This resource outlines types of programmatic measures to protect education from attack under four headings: protection, prevention, advocacy, and monitoring and reporting. Attacks against education include attacks against students, educators, and other educational personnel at educational institutions. Recommended programmatic measures range from local initiatives to systemic-level interventions intended to prevent conflict. The annex includes 20 country-specific examples.

Child Protection in United Nations Peacekeeping

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from un.org

September 2011

This resource highlights the role of child protection and child protection advisers in UN peace operations. It examines child protection in the contexts of Afghanistan, Lebanon, Haiti, and the Sudan. Page 17 answers questions about the role and function of child protection in UN peacekeeping.

Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

September 2011

This resource supports advocacy initiatives aimed at strengthening States’ protection of children’s rights and best interests during and after armed conflict. It examines children as victims and witnesses in judicial processes such as courts and tribunals, and in non-judicial processes such as truth and reconciliation commissions and traditional and restorative justice mechanisms. This report also looks at the concepts of reparations and reintegration. It uses the international legal framework and case studies to create recommendations for States, UN agencies, civil society organizations, and child protection actors.

Through a New Lens: A Child-Sensitive Approach to Transitional Justice

Cécile Aptel and Virginie Ladisch, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

September 2011

Based on assessments of Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and Nepal, this resource examines the ways in which transitional justice can engage children and consider their needs. It assesses the extent to which truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform have raised awareness about the victimization of children.

Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict

Julia Freedson, Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cdint.org

June 2011

This resource examines the accountability gap for violations committed against children in situations of armed conflict. It evaluates actions to attain accountability through efforts at the national level, UN Security Council, and international level. The report provides several policy options to address the accountability gap and features case studies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Colombia.

Children and Security Sector Reform in Post-conflict Peace-building

David Nosworthy, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef-irc.org

June 2010

This resource considers children and youth in the post-conflict peacebuilding phase of restoring justice and security. It discusses national structures and mechanisms, such as hybrid courts, domestic prosecution, and truth commissions, and articulates their relevance to children and young people. This report also explores the role of civil society organizations in building accountability and good governance within the security sector.

Report and Proposals for the Implementation of Reparations in Sierra Leone

Mohamad Suma and Cristián Correa, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

December 2009

This resource evaluates a one-year project by the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone to implement the recommendations for reparations found the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Final Report. The report summarizes the findings of the evaluation and provides recommendations to improve the Sierra Leone reparations program.

Knowledge on Fire: Attacks on Education in Afghanistan, Risks and Measures for Successful Mitigation

CARE International, Afghan Ministry of Education

Download full PDF from care.org

September 2009

A case study of Afghanistan, this resource provides an overview of threats and attacks on education, including the nature of attacks and risk factors. It concludes with recommendations about how to mitigate and prevent attacks on schools, paying special attention to the roles of communities.

Behind the Uniform: Training the military in child rights and children protection in Africa

Save the Children Sweden

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2009

In 1998, Save the Children Sweden began training military personnel, including pre-deployed peacekeepers, in child rights and child protection across Africa. This resource outlines the training program and provides a summary of its achievements, challenges, lessons learned, and recommendations. Annex 3 includes the international legal framework for child protection in conflict settings. Annex 5 lists the materials used during trainings.

Youth and Conflict: Best Practices and Lessons Learned

Mercy Corps

Download full PDF from mercycorps.org

2009

The resource examines Mercy Corps’ best practices and lessons learned on its youth programming, including general program design and implementation. It also considers specific program areas such as economic engagement, political participation, youth-to-community connections, and youth-to-youth connections.

No One to Turn to: Under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers

Corinna Csáky, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org.uk

2008

Based on focus group interviews and consultations with children and adults living in chronic emergencies, as well as humanitarian professionals, this resource provides a snapshot on the under-reporting of sexual exploitation by aid workers and peacekeepers. Recommendations, which begin on page 22, include building effective local complaints mechanisms, establishing a new global watchdog, and tackling the root causes of abuse.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ); Social Science Research Council (SSRC)

See full resource on ssrc.org

2007

The second volume in the ICTJ’s Advancing Transitional Justice Series, this resource is comprised of a collection of essays that explores the issue of vetting in a variety of countries and contexts. Chapter 13 examines vetting and transitional justice. The appendix includes operational guidelines for vetting public employees in post-conflict settings.

The Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration of Children Associated with the Fighting Forces: Lessons Learned in Sierra Leone 1998-2002

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

June 2005

This resource looks at the children’s aspect of Sierra Leone’s disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program. It also provides an overview of DDR during and after the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war. Other topics covered include an analysis of girls in the DDR process, family tracing and reunification, alternative care, reintegration, strategies of prevention, and lessons learned.

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Reports

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission

See full resource on sierraleonetrc.org

2005

This resource is the final report of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission, held from 2002 to 2004. Volume Two, Chapter 3 contains recommendations concerning legal, political, and administrative reforms and measures, and includes a specific category for children. Volume Two, Chapter 4 provides the legal basis for reparations, lists categories for eligible beneficiaries, including children, and makes recommendations on according the benefits and effectively implementing the reparation program.

Children in War

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

2004

This resource contains ICRC documents related to children affected by armed conflict. Documents include: a summary table of international humanitarian law provisions applicable to children; an overview of child protection and humanitarian assistance activities for children; and a summary of the ICRC’s communication programs for young people and mine action programs.

Reaching the Girls: Study on Girls Associated with Armed Forces and Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

This resource studies the situation of girls associated with armed forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and why girls are not reached by efforts to release children associated with armed groups. Section 5 provides recommendations on the formal demobilization of girls in the DRC.

Going Home: Demobilizing and reintegrating child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

2003

This resource provides an overview of Save the Children’s work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including its disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) activities. The Annex includes examples of various forms used in their programming, including documentation of children, history of mobilization, and certificate of reintegration forms.

International Criminal Justice and Children

No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ); UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef.org

September 2002

This resource introduces the international framework for children and justice, including international legal protection standards and judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. It takes a particular look at protection of children in times of war and use of child soldiers, as well as protection of children as victims and witnesses. In particular, it outlines the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), as well as its relation to national justice systems. Finally, it gives some concrete recommendations on the role of children in non-judicial mechanisms like truth commissions and traditional accountability mechanisms.

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