60 Resources Found

Addressing the Gaps in Security Sector Training: The Detention of Child Soldiers

Dr. Shelly Whitman, Dustin Johnson, Darin Reeves

See full resource on childsoldiers.org

1 March 2017

This chapter (p.389-402) in the book "Protecting Children against Torture in Detention: Global Solutions for a Global Problem" published by the Anti-Torture Initiative at the Washington College of Law explores the unique role of child soldiers as children, victims, and as soldiers which each must be considered in the comprehensive response of security sector actors in their demobilization and protection. Case studies of child soldiers detained as security threats and violations they experience including torture, ill-treatment, and arbitrary detention highlight the urgent need for better training in the security sector. Recommendations for the training of security sector actors on child soldiers includes to frame trainings in the overall prevention of child soldiers, pre-deployment training for confrontation with child soldiers, and the inclusion of specific child protection concerns in line with the 'best interests of the child' principle.

Reducing Risk, Strengthening Resilience: Toward the Structural Prevention of Atrocity Crimes

Alex Bellamy, Stanley Foundation

Download full PDF from stanleyfoundation.org

1 April 2016

This is a policy brief that outlines how to apply structural prevention of atrocity crimes, particularly at the national and local level. The recommendations intend to assist actors to reduce the occurrence of risk factors of atrocities and increase societal resilience. Particular to addressing serious violations against children in armed conflict, this brief includes rule of law, accountability, and commitment to guarantees of non-recurrence of violations as key to prevention and resilience. Also recommended is reforming legal and judicial systems for greater accountability and ensuring the legal empowerment of marginalized communities.

The Role of the Education Cluster in Monitoring, Reporting and Responding to Attacks on Education – Mapping of Perspectives and Practices

Elizabeth Cossor, Global Education Cluster

Download full PDF from educationcluster.net

April 2016

Attacks on education and the military use of schools are a major challenge to education provision in conflict-affected countries. In recent years, Education Clusters and Education in Emergencies Working Groups have been increasingly engaged in monitoring, reporting and responding to attacks on education and the military use of schools and using this as a basis for advocacy, prevention and response consistent with the cluster mandate of ensuring a timely and effective education response. This report aims to capture a range of perspectives on the Education Cluster’s role at the global and national levels, and to map the current Education Cluster practices, including the main challenges and lessons learned. The Education Cluster’s role includes contributing to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) as a means to support accountability and higher level actions and political advocacy alongside cluster monitoring and reporting of attacks on education.

Education and Transitional Justice: Opportunities and Challenges for Peacebuilding

Clara Ramírez-Barat and Roger Duthie

Download full PDF from ictj.org

16 November 2015

This report, part of a joint research project by ICTJ and UNICEF on the intersections of education, transitional justice, and peacebuilding, explores how a transitional justice framework can help to identify educational deficits relating to the logic of past conflict and/or repression and inform the reconstruction of the education sector. Drawing on comparative experiences from around the world, it looks at how formal and informal education can help facilitate the work of transitional justice measures and vice versa. Page 35 begins practical recommendations for Transitional Justice practitioners, policymakers, civil society actors, education practitioners, policymakers, and donors. For more on the project, visit the project webpage: https://www.ictj.org/our-work/research/education-peacebuilding

Case Example: Colombia

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

7 October 2015

This case example is a complementary resource to the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework". It demonstrates the practical application of the Framework in Colombia. This is the second in a series of case examples by Conflict Dynamics International to demonstrate how individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and other fields can apply the CAC Accountability Framework in a specific context. The information presented in this case example is intended to illustrate the practical application of the Framework in the context of Colombia. It is not intended to provide a comprehensive review of the state of accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict in Colombia. This tool is also available in Spanish in this database and on the webpage above "CAC Accountability Framework".

Ejemplo de caso: Colombia

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

7 October 2015

Este ejemplo de caso es un recurso complementario del "Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los Niños, las Niñas y los Jóvenes Afectados por los Conflictos Armados: Un marco para la promoción de la rendición de cuentas a las violaciones graves cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados" (“Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ”), que muestra la aplicación práctica del Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ en Colombia. Ésta es la segunda de las series de ejemplos de casos por la Conflict Dynamics International que muestra cómo las personas y las organizaciones trabajan en la protección de la niñez y la juventud, la justicia, la consolidación de la paz, y otros campo pueden aplicar al Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ en un contexto específico.

Case Example: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

9 June 2015

This case example is a complementary resource to the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework". It demonstrates the practical application of the Framework in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This is the first in a series of case examples by Conflict Dynamics International to demonstrate how individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and other fields can apply the CAC Accountability Framework in a specific context. This tool is also available in French in this database and on the webpage above "CAC Accountability Framework".

Exemple de cas : République démocratique du Congo

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

9 June 2015

Cet exemple de cas constitue un complément au «Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle afférente aux enfants dans les conflits armés : Un Cadre pour la promotion de l’obligation redditionnelle pour violations graves commises contre les enfants en période de conflit armé (ECA) » (« Le Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle ECA »). Il présente l’application pratique du Cadre relatif à l’obligationredditionnelle ECA en République démocratique du Congo (RDC). Il s’agit de la première d’une série d’exemples de cas réalisées par Conflict Dynamics International afin d’illustrer la façon dont les personnes et les organisations travaillant dans les secteurs de la protection de l’enfant, la justice, la consolidation de la paix et autres domaines peuvent appliquer le Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle ECA dans un contexte précis.

Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework: A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC). It responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these serious violations - and is designed to assist policymakers and practitioners working at all levels to bridge this gap. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

The Long Road: Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Settings

Kim Thuy Seelinger and Julie Freccero

Download full PDF from law.berkeley.edu

2015

Researchers at the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, conducted a four-country study in Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Uganda to identify key accountability barriers and strategies for reporting, investigating, and prosecuting cases of sexual violence. The resulting 279 interviews identified key themes related to the reporting, investigation, and prosecution of cases of sexual violence for domestic accountability for sexual violence committed as an international crime. Recommendations for domestic actors from across health, legal, judicial, and community sectors are included to address survivors’ claims of sexual violence both during and after periods of armed conflict and other emergencies, with specific mention of children's particular needs within legal processes.

Establishing a Vetting Mechanism for the Security Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Download full PDF from hrw.org

April 2014

The 2013 benchmarks of the national follow-up mechanisms for the Peace, Stability and Cooperation Framework Agreement for Congo and the Region included the establishment of a vetting mechanism. This resource describes how such a mechanism could work in the DRC context and how it differs from the human rights screening process of MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission.

Core Competencies for Security Sector Training on the Prevention of the Use of Child Soldiers

The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Download full PDF from childsoldiers.org

March 2014

The Dallaire Initiative partnered with The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) to develop a set of Core Competencies for all security sector training related to child soldiers. The document also provides an overview of the international legal framework relating to the protection of children in armed conflict.

Protection Checklist - Addressing Displacement and Protection of Displaced Populations and Affected Communities along the Conflict Cycle: a Collaborative Approach

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE)

Download full PDF from unhcr.ch

February 2014

The checklist is intended to provide guidance and increase understanding for OSCE field staff and other OSCE actors working on displacement and protection in the conflict cycle. Throughout the resource, consideration is given to children in conflict and displacement. Stages in the conflict cycle include early warning and prevention, crisis management in acute conflict, conflict management in protracted conflict, and post-conflict transition and rehabilitation.

Child Protection Issue Brief: Sexual violence against children

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on refworld.org

January 2014

This resource outlines what the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and its partners should do to protect children from sexual violence. Action areas include legal and policy framework; knowledge and data; coordination; human and financial capacity; advocacy and awareness; and prevention and response.

Child protection Issue Brief: Alternative Care

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on data.unhcr.org

January 2014

This resource outlines what UNHCR and its partners should do regarding alternative care programs for children. Action areas include legal and policy framework; knowledge and data; coordination; human and financial capacity; advocacy and awareness; and prevention and response.

The Role of Communities in Protecting Education from Attack: Lessons Learned

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

2014

This resource lays out guidelines for implementing programs that protect education from attack. Included is a 10-step guideline for working in collaboration with local communities, examples for various case studies around the world, and strategies for staffing, working with local partners, and using child participation. The document uses Cote d’Ivoire as a case study of how communities worked with UN agencies and international NGOs and presents key findings.

Global Good Practices Study: Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UNICEF; UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from mrmtools.org

November 2013

This resource examines lessons learned and good practices from the field. Developed by MRM task-force co-chairs and child protection practitioners, this resource considers issues such as establishing and phasing out the MRM, monitoring and reporting grave violations, information management systems, accountability, engaging parties to the conflict, advocacy, regional cooperation, and child participation. This study is part of the MRM Tools website, which also includes the MRM Guidelines, Training Toolkit, and Global Good Practices Study.

Education and the Law of Reparations in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Francesca Capone, Kristin Hausler, Duncan Fairgrieve, Conor McCarthy, Protect Education in Insecurity and Conflict (PEIC); British Institute of International and Comparative Law

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

October 2013

With a focus on reparations, this resource examines how attacks against education during insecurity and armed conflict have previously been redressed and how they may be redressed in the future. It considers education as a form of reparation and explores how education may minimize the risk of future conflict. The appendix includes international and regional treaties, as well as relevant cases.

A Checklist for Mainstreaming: Children and Armed Conflict Friendly Resolutions

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

See full resource on watchlist.org

March 2013

This resource provides a ten-point checklist to assist Security Council experts and others in mainstreaming the protection of children affected by armed conflict in country-specific Security Council resolutions. This list includes encouraging the implementation of action plans, using sanctions to pressure perpetrators, demanding accountability, and encouraging DDRRR (disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration and resettlement). This resource also contains a compilation of Security Council Resolutions on Children and Armed Conflict approved by the UN.

Child Protection Model Law, Best Practices: Protection of Children from Neglect, Abuse, Maltreatment, and Exploitation

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze of Advanced and International Studies; International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Download full PDF from protectionproject.org

January 2013

Citing 130 domestic laws from 68 countries, this resource provides models laws on child protection, including protection of children in situations of emergency and armed conflict, for legislators drafting or amending child protection laws. These model laws are based upon international standards and best practices on child protection, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Optional Protocol to the CRC on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC).

100 Best Practices in Child Protection

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze of Advanced and International Studies; International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Download full PDF from protectionproject.org

2013

A collection of successful initiatives by civil society organizations and government agencies, this resource provides examples of initiatives aimed at child protection. Part VI on page 90 examines child protection initiatives in situations of emergency and armed conflict, with examples from Iraq, Uganda, Gaza, Liberia, and Rwanda. Part VII on page 100 provides examples of child protection initiatives in the justice system.

Lessons in War: Military Use of Schools and other Education Institutions during Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

November 2012

This resource outlines the military use of education institutions and the consequences of such use on students, teachers, and scholars. It includes an overview a list of initiatives to address armed forces’ and armed groups’ use of education institutions, including the UN Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism, Committee of the Rights of the Child, and voluntary commitments by non-state armed groups. It also provides relevant laws restricting the use of education institutions by armed forces and groups.

Submission on the principles to be applied, and the procedure to be followed by the chamber with regard to reparations

UNICEF; International Criminal Court (ICC)

Download full PDF from icc-cpi.int

10 May 2012

This resource contains UNICEF’s submission to the International Criminal Court in the prosecution against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The document contains UNICEF’s recommendations for the principles and criteria that should guide the ICC’s decisions to awarding reparations.

Summary of ICTJ’s Recommendations to the ICC on Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Ruben Carranza, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2012

This resource summarizes the ICTJ’s submission to the International Criminal Court (ICC) giving recommendations on reparations to victims in the Lubanga case. Recommendations included: ensuring information and access to justice for victims; holding reparations hearings within the Democratic Republic of the Congo; designing a combination of compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and symbolic reparations depending on the category of victim; conducting needs assessment and gender analysis; involving communities; and ensuring perpetrators pay reparations.

Study on Field-based Programmatic Measures to Protect Education from Attack

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

December 2011

This resource outlines types of programmatic measures to protect education from attack under four headings: protection, prevention, advocacy, and monitoring and reporting. Attacks against education include attacks against students, educators, and other educational personnel at educational institutions. Recommended programmatic measures range from local initiatives to systemic-level interventions intended to prevent conflict. The annex includes 20 country-specific examples.

Child Protection in United Nations Peacekeeping

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from un.org

September 2011

This resource highlights the role of child protection and child protection advisers in UN peace operations. It examines child protection in the contexts of Afghanistan, Lebanon, Haiti, and the Sudan. Page 17 answers questions about the role and function of child protection in UN peacekeeping.

Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

September 2011

This resource supports advocacy initiatives aimed at strengthening States’ protection of children’s rights and best interests during and after armed conflict. It examines children as victims and witnesses in judicial processes such as courts and tribunals, and in non-judicial processes such as truth and reconciliation commissions and traditional and restorative justice mechanisms. This report also looks at the concepts of reparations and reintegration. It uses the international legal framework and case studies to create recommendations for States, UN agencies, civil society organizations, and child protection actors.

Through a New Lens: A Child-Sensitive Approach to Transitional Justice

Cécile Aptel and Virginie Ladisch, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

September 2011

Based on assessments of Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and Nepal, this resource examines the ways in which transitional justice can engage children and consider their needs. It assesses the extent to which truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform have raised awareness about the victimization of children.

Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict

Julia Freedson, Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cdint.org

June 2011

This resource examines the accountability gap for violations committed against children in situations of armed conflict. It evaluates actions to attain accountability through efforts at the national level, UN Security Council, and international level. The report provides several policy options to address the accountability gap and features case studies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Colombia.

Guide for setting-up Child Friendly Complaints and Response Mechanisms (CRMs): Lessons Learnt from Save the Children’s CRM in Dadaab Refugee Camp

Save the Children

Download full PDF from hapinternational.org

2011

This resource provides guidance on creating a complaints and response mechanism (CRM) in a child-friendly manner. Using a pilot case study from Ifo Camp, Dabaab, North Eastern Kenya, this resource provides information on setting up a CRM, awareness raising, recording complaints, challenges, and lessons learned. The annex includes a stakeholder mapping tools used during their consultations with children.

Keeping Children Safe Toolkit: A Toolkit for child protection

Save the Children

See full resource on resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2011

Comprising of five tools, this resource is intended for international NGOs, international organizations, government partners, or other organizations that require child protection measures. Tool 1 describes protection standards; tool 2 provides guidelines on how agencies can implement child protection measures; tools 3, 4, and 5 provide training exercises and materials to understand child protection, child protection in emergency contexts, as well as children’s participation. Page 53 of Tool 2 provides guidance on preventing harm to children during emergency or humanitarian crises

Children and Security Sector Reform in Post-conflict Peace-building

David Nosworthy, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef-irc.org

June 2010

This resource considers children and youth in the post-conflict peacebuilding phase of restoring justice and security. It discusses national structures and mechanisms, such as hybrid courts, domestic prosecution, and truth commissions, and articulates their relevance to children and young people. This report also explores the role of civil society organizations in building accountability and good governance within the security sector.

Child Protection Systems Mapping and Assessment Toolkit: Users’ Guide

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

2010

This resource is intended to help practitioners develop comprehensive national child protection systems and prioritize actions. Mapping and assessment should include an analysis of the current child protection system, an understanding of the legal and normative framework, highlighting key risks, identifying global best practices, finding opportunities to improve services, and planning for the necessary financial and human resources.

Report and Proposals for the Implementation of Reparations in Sierra Leone

Mohamad Suma and Cristián Correa, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

December 2009

This resource evaluates a one-year project by the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone to implement the recommendations for reparations found the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Final Report. The report summarizes the findings of the evaluation and provides recommendations to improve the Sierra Leone reparations program.

Knowledge on Fire: Attacks on Education in Afghanistan, Risks and Measures for Successful Mitigation

CARE International, Afghan Ministry of Education

Download full PDF from care.org

September 2009

A case study of Afghanistan, this resource provides an overview of threats and attacks on education, including the nature of attacks and risk factors. It concludes with recommendations about how to mitigate and prevent attacks on schools, paying special attention to the roles of communities.

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation

International Labour Organization (ILO), UNICEF

See full resource on ilo.org

July 2009

This resource aims to assist donor governments, workers, employers and NGOs to combat trafficking in children for labor, sexual, and other forms of exploitation. Exploitation is defined to include the forced or compulsory recruitment of children. The training manual includes three textbooks, an exercise book, and facilitator’s guide.

Behind the Uniform: Training the military in child rights and children protection in Africa

Save the Children Sweden

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2009

In 1998, Save the Children Sweden began training military personnel, including pre-deployed peacekeepers, in child rights and child protection across Africa. This resource outlines the training program and provides a summary of its achievements, challenges, lessons learned, and recommendations. Annex 3 includes the international legal framework for child protection in conflict settings. Annex 5 lists the materials used during trainings.

Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime: Model Law and Related Commentary

UN Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC)

Download full PDF from unodc.org

2009

A companion to UN ECOSOC’s Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crimes, this resource is intended to assist the design or review of laws and practices regarding child victims and witnesses of crimes. These model laws can assist States in adapting their legislation to meet the provisions contained in the guidelines or other international instruments such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

Youth and Conflict: Best Practices and Lessons Learned

Mercy Corps

Download full PDF from mercycorps.org

2009

The resource examines Mercy Corps’ best practices and lessons learned on its youth programming, including general program design and implementation. It also considers specific program areas such as economic engagement, political participation, youth-to-community connections, and youth-to-youth connections.

Establishing Gender-Based Violence Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Multi-sectoral and Inter-organizational Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Settings

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

Download full PDF from gbvaor.net

May 2008

Developed in collaboration with UN agencies, government, and non-governmental and community-based organizations, this resource sets out the process for developing a standard operating procedure (SOP) to prevent and respond to gender-based violence (GBV) in various stages of an emergency. An SOP template is available beginning on page 7.

The Camp Management Toolkit

Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)

See full resource on nrc.no

May 2008

Chapter 11 of this resource examines protection of persons with specific needs in a camp setting, including boys and girls, youth, women, and persons with disabilities. Each chapter includes a checklist for a camp management agency and a list of tools. This resource also considers camp issues such as participation and community involvement, protection, gender-based violence, education, and livelihoods.

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

January 2008

This resource provides an overview of the legal standards and responsibilities to protect women and girls. It discusses issues such as displacement, prevention, reintegration, participation in peacebuilding processes, and the administration of justice during displacement for formal, traditional, and transitional mechanisms. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the international and regional legal framework. This resource is intended for UNHRC staff, both at headquarters and in the field, and protection partners.

No One to Turn to: Under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers

Corinna Csáky, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org.uk

2008

Based on focus group interviews and consultations with children and adults living in chronic emergencies, as well as humanitarian professionals, this resource provides a snapshot on the under-reporting of sexual exploitation by aid workers and peacekeepers. Recommendations, which begin on page 22, include building effective local complaints mechanisms, establishing a new global watchdog, and tackling the root causes of abuse.

Rule of Law tools for Post-Conflict States: Reparations Programmes

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2008

This resource provides a practical guide for implementing effective reparations programs. It focuses on establishing out-of-court reparations programs to redress gross and serious violations of human rights in conflict settings. It also examines kinds of benefits, financing reparations, linking with other justice measures, and making programs gender-sensitive.

Security Sector Reform Assessment, Monitoring, and Evaluation and Gender

Nicola Popovic, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF); Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR); United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW)

See full resource on dcaf.ch

2008

Part of a larger gender and security sector reform (SSR) toolkit, this resource examines existing SSR assessment frameworks and considers how to include a gender perspective in these existing tools and approaches. It also looks at gender mainstreaming initiatives in security sector institutions and provides guidance on conducting a gender audit and monitoring and evaluation of gender mainstreaming. This resource recommends consulting marginalized groups, such as child advocacy groups, in the monitoring and evaluation process

Supporting the Realization of Children’s Rights through a Rights-Based Approach to Legislative Reform

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

January 2007

This resource aims to guide UNICEF regional and country offices in programming for child rights in legislative reform and creating the necessary human and financial resources for legislative reform. This resource links the issue of legislative reform to the key international policies and laws and emphasizes the importance of the national legal system. The resource concludes by examining cross-cutting issues and challenges and provides indicators, sample program plans, and checklists.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ); Social Science Research Council (SSRC)

See full resource on ssrc.org

2007

The second volume in the ICTJ’s Advancing Transitional Justice Series, this resource is comprised of a collection of essays that explores the issue of vetting in a variety of countries and contexts. Chapter 13 examines vetting and transitional justice. The appendix includes operational guidelines for vetting public employees in post-conflict settings.

Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations

UNICEF

Download full PDF from mona.uwi.edu

2006

Prepared for UNICEF staff working to assist children and women in emergencies, this resource assists in identifying and prioritizing needs of children and designing and implementing interventions in unstable environments. It covers topics such as education, children separated from families, protecting the rights of the child, internally displaced children and women, child combatants, and juvenile justice.

Vetting Public Employees in Post-Conflict Settings: Operational Guidelines

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2006

This resource provides guidance on vetting in post-conflict settings. It includes an overview of factors that determine a vetting process, designing a vetting process, different types of vetting, and other relevant institutional reforms. The annex includes a vetting checklist, a capacity and integrity framework, and relevant conventions and codes for vetting in security and judicial sectors.

The Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration of Children Associated with the Fighting Forces: Lessons Learned in Sierra Leone 1998-2002

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

June 2005

This resource looks at the children’s aspect of Sierra Leone’s disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program. It also provides an overview of DDR during and after the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war. Other topics covered include an analysis of girls in the DDR process, family tracing and reunification, alternative care, reintegration, strategies of prevention, and lessons learned.

Gender-Based Violence Legal Aid: A Participatory Toolkit

American Refugee Committee (ARC)

Download full PDF from arcrelief.org

2005

This resource is intended to assist field staff design gender-based violence (GBV) services and GBV legal aid using a participatory approach. Intended for actors in the humanitarian, justice, and security sector, this toolkit provides a preliminary assessment tool, action planning worksheets, and guidelines and indicators on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence programs.

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Reports

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission

See full resource on sierraleonetrc.org

2005

This resource is the final report of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission, held from 2002 to 2004. Volume Two, Chapter 3 contains recommendations concerning legal, political, and administrative reforms and measures, and includes a specific category for children. Volume Two, Chapter 4 provides the legal basis for reparations, lists categories for eligible beneficiaries, including children, and makes recommendations on according the benefits and effectively implementing the reparation program.

Model Complaints and Investigation Procedures and Guidance Related to Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

Download full PDF from un.org

March 2004

Developed by the IASC Task Force on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, this resource details steps taken when NGO staff or UN agency staff are suspected of sexual exploitation and abuse of women or children. Intended to build a consistent approach across all agencies, this resource provides an overview of complaints mechanisms, investigation guidelines, and interviewing witnesses and victims. Interview guidelines pay special attention to interviewing children.

Children in War

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

2004

This resource contains ICRC documents related to children affected by armed conflict. Documents include: a summary table of international humanitarian law provisions applicable to children; an overview of child protection and humanitarian assistance activities for children; and a summary of the ICRC’s communication programs for young people and mine action programs.

Gender-Based Violence: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Judy A. Benjamin, Lynn Murchison, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

Intended for staff in emergency situations, this resource focuses on the prevention of gender-based violence in emergency field operations. It includes Save the Children’s programming framework, principles, and process. Section III on page 9 provides an overview of international legal and policy instruments. Page 46 includes an implementation checklist.

Reaching the Girls: Study on Girls Associated with Armed Forces and Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

This resource studies the situation of girls associated with armed forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and why girls are not reached by efforts to release children associated with armed groups. Section 5 provides recommendations on the formal demobilization of girls in the DRC.

Separated Children: Care and Protection of Children in Emergencies

Amy Hepburn, Jan Williamson, and Tanya Wolfram, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

This resource provides a thematic overview of key child protection concerns, including international law and policy instruments, and guidance on programming in emergencies. The appendix includes sample forms and assessment questions. The annex includes sample forms to use with separated children and assessment questions.

Children and Armed Conflict: International Standards for Action

Office of the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC), Human Security Network

Download full PDF from unicef.org

April 2003

This resource is a compilation of legal standards and norms regarding children and armed conflict, including the rights of the child, international humanitarian law, law on refugees and internally displaced persons, international criminal law, and UN Security Council resolutions.

Going Home: Demobilizing and reintegrating child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

2003

This resource provides an overview of Save the Children’s work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including its disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) activities. The Annex includes examples of various forms used in their programming, including documentation of children, history of mobilization, and certificate of reintegration forms.

International Criminal Justice and Children

No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ); UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef.org

September 2002

This resource introduces the international framework for children and justice, including international legal protection standards and judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. It takes a particular look at protection of children in times of war and use of child soldiers, as well as protection of children as victims and witnesses. In particular, it outlines the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), as well as its relation to national justice systems. Finally, it gives some concrete recommendations on the role of children in non-judicial mechanisms like truth commissions and traditional accountability mechanisms.

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