77 Resources Found

Addressing the Gaps in Security Sector Training: The Detention of Child Soldiers

Dr. Shelly Whitman, Dustin Johnson, Darin Reeves

See full resource on childsoldiers.org

1 March 2017

This chapter (p.389-402) in the book "Protecting Children against Torture in Detention: Global Solutions for a Global Problem" published by the Anti-Torture Initiative at the Washington College of Law explores the unique role of child soldiers as children, victims, and as soldiers which each must be considered in the comprehensive response of security sector actors in their demobilization and protection. Case studies of child soldiers detained as security threats and violations they experience including torture, ill-treatment, and arbitrary detention highlight the urgent need for better training in the security sector. Recommendations for the training of security sector actors on child soldiers includes to frame trainings in the overall prevention of child soldiers, pre-deployment training for confrontation with child soldiers, and the inclusion of specific child protection concerns in line with the 'best interests of the child' principle.

Reducing Risk, Strengthening Resilience: Toward the Structural Prevention of Atrocity Crimes

Alex Bellamy, Stanley Foundation

Download full PDF from stanleyfoundation.org

1 April 2016

This is a policy brief that outlines how to apply structural prevention of atrocity crimes, particularly at the national and local level. The recommendations intend to assist actors to reduce the occurrence of risk factors of atrocities and increase societal resilience. Particular to addressing serious violations against children in armed conflict, this brief includes rule of law, accountability, and commitment to guarantees of non-recurrence of violations as key to prevention and resilience. Also recommended is reforming legal and judicial systems for greater accountability and ensuring the legal empowerment of marginalized communities.

Age Assessment Guidelines to Prevent and Respond to Child Recruitment in the Afghanistan National Security Forces

Afghanistan National Security Forces

See full resource on reliefweb.int

15 February 2016

These are guidelines from the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The document describes an age assessment process to prevent enlisting underage members into the national armed forceswhen identity documents are not available. Prepared by experts, practitioners, military officials, and UNICEF, these principles suggest an assessment based on five components including direct interviews with the individual, interviews with family and community members, crosschecking of all available information, documentation, and referral to services and reintegration. Child sensitive age assessment techniques are provided operating within international human rights obligations. This document and annexed checklists are applicable to both national armed forces and armed groups in order to ensure the enforcement of the international humanitarian law obligation to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers and to reform the recruitment process to prevent the violation before it happens. This resource is available in both English and Dari.

Education and Transitional Justice: Opportunities and Challenges for Peacebuilding

Clara Ramírez-Barat and Roger Duthie

Download full PDF from ictj.org

16 November 2015

This report, part of a joint research project by ICTJ and UNICEF on the intersections of education, transitional justice, and peacebuilding, explores how a transitional justice framework can help to identify educational deficits relating to the logic of past conflict and/or repression and inform the reconstruction of the education sector. Drawing on comparative experiences from around the world, it looks at how formal and informal education can help facilitate the work of transitional justice measures and vice versa. Page 35 begins practical recommendations for Transitional Justice practitioners, policymakers, civil society actors, education practitioners, policymakers, and donors. For more on the project, visit the project webpage: https://www.ictj.org/our-work/research/education-peacebuilding

Case Example: Colombia

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

7 October 2015

This case example is a complementary resource to the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework". It demonstrates the practical application of the Framework in Colombia. This is the second in a series of case examples by Conflict Dynamics International to demonstrate how individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and other fields can apply the CAC Accountability Framework in a specific context. The information presented in this case example is intended to illustrate the practical application of the Framework in the context of Colombia. It is not intended to provide a comprehensive review of the state of accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict in Colombia. This tool is also available in Spanish in this database and on the webpage above "CAC Accountability Framework".

Ejemplo de caso: Colombia

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

7 October 2015

Este ejemplo de caso es un recurso complementario del "Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los Niños, las Niñas y los Jóvenes Afectados por los Conflictos Armados: Un marco para la promoción de la rendición de cuentas a las violaciones graves cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados" (“Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ”), que muestra la aplicación práctica del Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ en Colombia. Ésta es la segunda de las series de ejemplos de casos por la Conflict Dynamics International que muestra cómo las personas y las organizaciones trabajan en la protección de la niñez y la juventud, la justicia, la consolidación de la paz, y otros campo pueden aplicar al Marco de Rendición de Cuentas sobre NNJ en un contexto específico.

Case Example: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

9 June 2015

This case example is a complementary resource to the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework". It demonstrates the practical application of the Framework in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This is the first in a series of case examples by Conflict Dynamics International to demonstrate how individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and other fields can apply the CAC Accountability Framework in a specific context. This tool is also available in French in this database and on the webpage above "CAC Accountability Framework".

Exemple de cas : République démocratique du Congo

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

9 June 2015

Cet exemple de cas constitue un complément au «Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle afférente aux enfants dans les conflits armés : Un Cadre pour la promotion de l’obligation redditionnelle pour violations graves commises contre les enfants en période de conflit armé (ECA) » (« Le Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle ECA »). Il présente l’application pratique du Cadre relatif à l’obligationredditionnelle ECA en République démocratique du Congo (RDC). Il s’agit de la première d’une série d’exemples de cas réalisées par Conflict Dynamics International afin d’illustrer la façon dont les personnes et les organisations travaillant dans les secteurs de la protection de l’enfant, la justice, la consolidation de la paix et autres domaines peuvent appliquer le Cadre relatif à l’obligation redditionnelle ECA dans un contexte précis.

Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework: A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC). It responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these serious violations - and is designed to assist policymakers and practitioners working at all levels to bridge this gap. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This resource is the Spanish version of the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework." El Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados es un recurso práctico que promueve mecanismos para abordar casos de violaciones graves derecho internacional cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes en situaciones de conflicto armado (rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ). Elaborado como respuesta al importante vacío existente en materia de prevención y reparación de este tipo de violaciones, este Marco aporta los siguientes elementos: 1. una definición completa y estructura para entender la cuestión de la rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ; 2. orientaciones metodológicas prácticas que pueden ser adaptadas y aplicadas en diferentes contextos con el objeto de aumentar las acciones de rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ.

Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

December 2014

In response to the use of schools and universities by parties to armed conflict, this resource establishes six guidelines to protect schools and universities. These guidelines are intended to assist actors planning military operations and organizations monitoring armed conflict. The annexes include the international legal framework and examples of domestic law and practices.

Field Manual: Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations Against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UNICEF; UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from mrmtools.org

June 2014

This resource is intended for practitioners implementing the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) and covers technical components of the MRM. It considers issues such as guiding principles, monitoring, information management, reporting, and engaging with parties to the conflict, as well as guidance on both establishing and phasing out the MRM. The annexes include action plan templates, listing and delisting criteria, and the international legal foundations. This field manual is part of the MRM Tools website, which also includes the MRM Guidelines, Training Toolkit, and Global Good Practices Study.

Guidelines: Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UNICEF; UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from mrmtools.org

June 2014

This resource describes the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) and its efforts to achieve accountability and compliance with international law and child protection standards. Intended for practitioners implementing the MRM, this resource outlines the roles and responsibilities for implementing actors, reporting requirements, and linkages between the MRM and response and advocacy. These guidelines are part of the MRM Tools website, which also includes the MRM Field Manual, Training Toolkit, and Global Good Practices Study.

Establishing a Vetting Mechanism for the Security Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

Download full PDF from hrw.org

April 2014

The 2013 benchmarks of the national follow-up mechanisms for the Peace, Stability and Cooperation Framework Agreement for Congo and the Region included the establishment of a vetting mechanism. This resource describes how such a mechanism could work in the DRC context and how it differs from the human rights screening process of MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission.

Core Competencies for Security Sector Training on the Prevention of the Use of Child Soldiers

The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative

Download full PDF from childsoldiers.org

March 2014

The Dallaire Initiative partnered with The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) to develop a set of Core Competencies for all security sector training related to child soldiers. The document also provides an overview of the international legal framework relating to the protection of children in armed conflict.

The Role of Communities in Protecting Education from Attack: Lessons Learned

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

2014

This resource lays out guidelines for implementing programs that protect education from attack. Included is a 10-step guideline for working in collaboration with local communities, examples for various case studies around the world, and strategies for staffing, working with local partners, and using child participation. The document uses Cote d’Ivoire as a case study of how communities worked with UN agencies and international NGOs and presents key findings.

Global Good Practices Study: Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Grave Violations against Children in Situations of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC); UNICEF; UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

Download full PDF from mrmtools.org

November 2013

This resource examines lessons learned and good practices from the field. Developed by MRM task-force co-chairs and child protection practitioners, this resource considers issues such as establishing and phasing out the MRM, monitoring and reporting grave violations, information management systems, accountability, engaging parties to the conflict, advocacy, regional cooperation, and child participation. This study is part of the MRM Tools website, which also includes the MRM Guidelines, Training Toolkit, and Global Good Practices Study.

Protecting children in armed conflict: key rules from Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment

Geneva Call

Download full PDF from genevacall.org

November 2013

Designed as a training booklet, this resource provides twelve key rules from Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment in an accessible visual format. Rules include the prohibition of the use of children in combat or combat-related activities, prohibition against forcing children to associate with armed forces, prohibition against recruitment, and sanctioning violations in accordance with international standards.

Education and the Law of Reparations in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Francesca Capone, Kristin Hausler, Duncan Fairgrieve, Conor McCarthy, Protect Education in Insecurity and Conflict (PEIC); British Institute of International and Comparative Law

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

October 2013

With a focus on reparations, this resource examines how attacks against education during insecurity and armed conflict have previously been redressed and how they may be redressed in the future. It considers education as a form of reparation and explores how education may minimize the risk of future conflict. The appendix includes international and regional treaties, as well as relevant cases.

Annex XVII: Model legislative provisions on the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

23 May 2013

Part of the Manual on Domestic Implementation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), this resource provides two possible model legislative provisions intended to guide States in the drafting of legislation which prohibits the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict. The first model text uses the “straight 18” approach while the second text follows existing provisions in treaty and customary law. This resource provides commentary on the models, as well as sources from international law, national legislation, and other practice.

A Checklist for Mainstreaming: Children and Armed Conflict Friendly Resolutions

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

See full resource on watchlist.org

March 2013

This resource provides a ten-point checklist to assist Security Council experts and others in mainstreaming the protection of children affected by armed conflict in country-specific Security Council resolutions. This list includes encouraging the implementation of action plans, using sanctions to pressure perpetrators, demanding accountability, and encouraging DDRRR (disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration and resettlement). This resource also contains a compilation of Security Council Resolutions on Children and Armed Conflict approved by the UN.

100 Best Practices in Child Protection

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze of Advanced and International Studies; International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Download full PDF from protectionproject.org

2013

A collection of successful initiatives by civil society organizations and government agencies, this resource provides examples of initiatives aimed at child protection. Part VI on page 90 examines child protection initiatives in situations of emergency and armed conflict, with examples from Iraq, Uganda, Gaza, Liberia, and Rwanda. Part VII on page 100 provides examples of child protection initiatives in the justice system.

Lessons in War: Military Use of Schools and other Education Institutions during Conflict

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from protectingeducation.org

November 2012

This resource outlines the military use of education institutions and the consequences of such use on students, teachers, and scholars. It includes an overview a list of initiatives to address armed forces’ and armed groups’ use of education institutions, including the UN Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism, Committee of the Rights of the Child, and voluntary commitments by non-state armed groups. It also provides relevant laws restricting the use of education institutions by armed forces and groups.

The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children

Geneva Call

Download full PDF from genevacall.org

November 2012

This resource is intended to provide training to armed non-state groups and civil society organizations on humanitarian standards and the relevant international legal framework regarding children and armed conflict. In an addition to providing an overview of key international laws and policies, this resource also explains the structure of Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment on Children and Armed Conflict and explores implementation measures to improve child protection.

Submission on the principles to be applied, and the procedure to be followed by the chamber with regard to reparations

UNICEF; International Criminal Court (ICC)

Download full PDF from icc-cpi.int

10 May 2012

This resource contains UNICEF’s submission to the International Criminal Court in the prosecution against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The document contains UNICEF’s recommendations for the principles and criteria that should guide the ICC’s decisions to awarding reparations.

Informal Justice Systems: Charting a Course for Human Rights-Based Engagement

UN Women; UNICEF; UN Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from undp.org

2012

This resource explores how informal justice systems and programs that include such systems can promote respect for human rights. It provides an overview of issues that international development and justice actors should consider before involvement informal justice mechanisms. This resource considers the place of children’s rights and women’s rights within informal justice systems.

Summary of ICTJ’s Recommendations to the ICC on Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Ruben Carranza, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2012

This resource summarizes the ICTJ’s submission to the International Criminal Court (ICC) giving recommendations on reparations to victims in the Lubanga case. Recommendations included: ensuring information and access to justice for victims; holding reparations hearings within the Democratic Republic of the Congo; designing a combination of compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and symbolic reparations depending on the category of victim; conducting needs assessment and gender analysis; involving communities; and ensuring perpetrators pay reparations.

Study on Field-based Programmatic Measures to Protect Education from Attack

Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

December 2011

This resource outlines types of programmatic measures to protect education from attack under four headings: protection, prevention, advocacy, and monitoring and reporting. Attacks against education include attacks against students, educators, and other educational personnel at educational institutions. Recommended programmatic measures range from local initiatives to systemic-level interventions intended to prevent conflict. The annex includes 20 country-specific examples.

Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

September 2011

This resource supports advocacy initiatives aimed at strengthening States’ protection of children’s rights and best interests during and after armed conflict. It examines children as victims and witnesses in judicial processes such as courts and tribunals, and in non-judicial processes such as truth and reconciliation commissions and traditional and restorative justice mechanisms. This report also looks at the concepts of reparations and reintegration. It uses the international legal framework and case studies to create recommendations for States, UN agencies, civil society organizations, and child protection actors.

Through a New Lens: A Child-Sensitive Approach to Transitional Justice

Cécile Aptel and Virginie Ladisch, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

September 2011

Based on assessments of Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and Nepal, this resource examines the ways in which transitional justice can engage children and consider their needs. It assesses the extent to which truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform have raised awareness about the victimization of children.

Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict

Julia Freedson, Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cdint.org

June 2011

This resource examines the accountability gap for violations committed against children in situations of armed conflict. It evaluates actions to attain accountability through efforts at the national level, UN Security Council, and international level. The report provides several policy options to address the accountability gap and features case studies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Colombia.

Guide for setting-up Child Friendly Complaints and Response Mechanisms (CRMs): Lessons Learnt from Save the Children’s CRM in Dadaab Refugee Camp

Save the Children

Download full PDF from hapinternational.org

2011

This resource provides guidance on creating a complaints and response mechanism (CRM) in a child-friendly manner. Using a pilot case study from Ifo Camp, Dabaab, North Eastern Kenya, this resource provides information on setting up a CRM, awareness raising, recording complaints, challenges, and lessons learned. The annex includes a stakeholder mapping tools used during their consultations with children.

Keeping Children Safe Toolkit: A Toolkit for child protection

Save the Children

See full resource on resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2011

Comprising of five tools, this resource is intended for international NGOs, international organizations, government partners, or other organizations that require child protection measures. Tool 1 describes protection standards; tool 2 provides guidelines on how agencies can implement child protection measures; tools 3, 4, and 5 provide training exercises and materials to understand child protection, child protection in emergency contexts, as well as children’s participation. Page 53 of Tool 2 provides guidance on preventing harm to children during emergency or humanitarian crises

Children and Security Sector Reform in Post-conflict Peace-building

David Nosworthy, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef-irc.org

June 2010

This resource considers children and youth in the post-conflict peacebuilding phase of restoring justice and security. It discusses national structures and mechanisms, such as hybrid courts, domestic prosecution, and truth commissions, and articulates their relevance to children and young people. This report also explores the role of civil society organizations in building accountability and good governance within the security sector.

Children and Armed Conflict: A Guide to International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law

International Bureau for Children’s Rights (ICBR)

Download full PDF from ibcr.org

2010

This resource provides an overview of the international legal framework, and explains the practical applicability of the law and standards as they relate to children and armed conflict. This resource also discusses internally displaced children; sexual violence against children; child labor; children and landmines and cluster bombs; children and small armed and light weapons; child victims, witnesses and perpetrators of crimes; and the role of children in peace processes.

Operational Guide to the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Inter-agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR)

Download full PDF from iddrtg.org

2010

This resource is intended to accompany the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) document. As an operational guide, this resource summarizes key guidance from each IDDRS module. Guidance 5.20 and 5.30 focus on youth and children DDR; it examines reintegration programming, advocacy, and prevention of recruitment.

Report and Proposals for the Implementation of Reparations in Sierra Leone

Mohamad Suma and Cristián Correa, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

December 2009

This resource evaluates a one-year project by the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone to implement the recommendations for reparations found the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Final Report. The report summarizes the findings of the evaluation and provides recommendations to improve the Sierra Leone reparations program.

The Six Grave Violations against Children during Armed Conflict: The Legal Foundation

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

October 2009

This resource lays out the legal basis for the UN Security Council’s prioritization of six grave violations committed against children during armed conflict. It is intended to serve as a legal guide to help strengthen child protection and end impunity of crimes. It draws on international humanitarian law, human rights law, jurisprudence, and UN Security Council resolutions to establish killing and maiming, recruitment and use in conflict, rape and sexual violence, abduction, attacks against schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access as the most serious crimes committed against children in situations of armed conflict.

Knowledge on Fire: Attacks on Education in Afghanistan, Risks and Measures for Successful Mitigation

CARE International, Afghan Ministry of Education

Download full PDF from care.org

September 2009

A case study of Afghanistan, this resource provides an overview of threats and attacks on education, including the nature of attacks and risk factors. It concludes with recommendations about how to mitigate and prevent attacks on schools, paying special attention to the roles of communities.

ARC Resource Pack: A capacity-building tool for child protection in and after emergencies

Action for the Rights of the Child (ARC)

See full resource on resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2009

This resource is a collection of training materials to help ensure effective child protection programming and protection systems. Primarily intended for facilitators and trainers, programmers who work on child rights or child protection, and members of child protection clusters, this resource pack includes a user guide, training manual, and facilitator’s toolkit. Foundation modules include topics such as participation and inclusion, advocacy, community mobilization, and psychosocial support. Also included are seven critical issue modules, with module 7 on children associated with armed forces or armed groups.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Amnesties

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2009

Intended for practitioners, this resource explores the concept of amnesty and considers the relationship between amnesties and other processes of transitional justice, such as truth commissions, the right to remedy and reparations, and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs. This resource also incorporates relevant rules of international law and United Nations policy when drafting amnesties.

Youth and Conflict: Best Practices and Lessons Learned

Mercy Corps

Download full PDF from mercycorps.org

2009

The resource examines Mercy Corps’ best practices and lessons learned on its youth programming, including general program design and implementation. It also considers specific program areas such as economic engagement, political participation, youth-to-community connections, and youth-to-youth connections.

Handbook on Legislative Reform: Realising Children’s Rights, Vol. 1

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

November 2008

In order to support implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), this resource examines constitutional and legislative reforms in favor of the rights of children. Taking a human rights-based approach, it considers various guiding principles, rights of victims, prevention, criminalization, and processes and entry points for constitutional and legislative reforms.

Transitional Justice: Information Handbook

United States Institute of Peace (USIP)

Download full PDF from usip.org

September 2008

This resource looks at the goals of transitional justice post-conflict and factors for determining appropriate transitional justice mechanisms. It provides guidelines on criminal prosecutions, truth commissions, vetting, reparations and compensation.

Establishing Gender-Based Violence Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Multi-sectoral and Inter-organizational Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence in Humanitarian Settings

Interagency Standing Committee (IASC)

Download full PDF from gbvaor.net

May 2008

Developed in collaboration with UN agencies, government, and non-governmental and community-based organizations, this resource sets out the process for developing a standard operating procedure (SOP) to prevent and respond to gender-based violence (GBV) in various stages of an emergency. An SOP template is available beginning on page 7.

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

January 2008

This resource provides an overview of the legal standards and responsibilities to protect women and girls. It discusses issues such as displacement, prevention, reintegration, participation in peacebuilding processes, and the administration of justice during displacement for formal, traditional, and transitional mechanisms. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the international and regional legal framework. This resource is intended for UNHRC staff, both at headquarters and in the field, and protection partners.

No One to Turn to: Under-reporting of child sexual exploitation and abuse by aid workers and peacekeepers

Corinna Csáky, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org.uk

2008

Based on focus group interviews and consultations with children and adults living in chronic emergencies, as well as humanitarian professionals, this resource provides a snapshot on the under-reporting of sexual exploitation by aid workers and peacekeepers. Recommendations, which begin on page 22, include building effective local complaints mechanisms, establishing a new global watchdog, and tackling the root causes of abuse.

Rule of Law tools for Post-Conflict States: Reparations Programmes

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2008

This resource provides a practical guide for implementing effective reparations programs. It focuses on establishing out-of-court reparations programs to redress gross and serious violations of human rights in conflict settings. It also examines kinds of benefits, financing reparations, linking with other justice measures, and making programs gender-sensitive.

Security Sector Reform Assessment, Monitoring, and Evaluation and Gender

Nicola Popovic, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF); Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR); United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW)

See full resource on dcaf.ch

2008

Part of a larger gender and security sector reform (SSR) toolkit, this resource examines existing SSR assessment frameworks and considers how to include a gender perspective in these existing tools and approaches. It also looks at gender mainstreaming initiatives in security sector institutions and provides guidance on conducting a gender audit and monitoring and evaluation of gender mainstreaming. This resource recommends consulting marginalized groups, such as child advocacy groups, in the monitoring and evaluation process

The OECD DAC Handbook on Security Systems Reform (SSR): Supporting Security and Justice

Organizations for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

See full resource on keepeek.com

2008

This resource provides guidelines on security sector reform and governance and the design, implementation, and evaluation of such programs. Intended to inform donor support for SSR, this resource specifically targets development, security, rule of law, and diplomatic actors. This resource also discusses developing an integrated approach to SSR for countries emerging from conflict and related issues such as transitional justice and disarmament demobilization, and reintegration programs.

Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Rachel Hodgkin and Peter Newell, UNICEF

See full resource on unicef.org

September 2007

This resource is intended as a practical guide for explaining and implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the two Optional Protocols. This resource summarizes each article and provides comments, recommendations, and an implementation checklist. The appendices include a list of other key legal and policy instruments.

The Paris Commitments to protect children from unlawful recruitment or use by armed forces or armed groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

The Paris Principles. Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ); Social Science Research Council (SSRC)

See full resource on ssrc.org

2007

The second volume in the ICTJ’s Advancing Transitional Justice Series, this resource is comprised of a collection of essays that explores the issue of vetting in a variety of countries and contexts. Chapter 13 examines vetting and transitional justice. The appendix includes operational guidelines for vetting public employees in post-conflict settings.

Implementing Victims’ Rights: A Handbook on the Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation

REDRESS

Download full PDF from redress.org

March 2006

This resource was created as a companion to the UN’s Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law. It was intended to help guide non-governmental and civil society organizations advocate for victims’ rights as primary concern in state action.

Protecting Children from Sexual Exploitation & Sexual Violence in Disaster & Emergency Situations: A guide for local & community based organisations

Stephanie Delaney, ECPAT International

Download full PDF from preventionweb.net

March 2006

This resource aims to provide guidance for local grassroots organizations in the protection of children from sexual violence and sexual exploitation. It explores relevant legal and policy frameworks and existing protection frameworks. This resource also includes key actions to minimizing the risks of sexual violence, such as advocacy and campaigning, protection committees, creating safe spaces, and psychosocial support and education. The annex includes checklists for action.

Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Resource Centre

See full resource on iddrtg.org

2006

This resource is intended to guide practitioners on a range of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities and programs. Module 5.20 looks specifically at youth and DDR and considers socio-economic reintegration strategies for youth and young-ex-combatants, gender issues, and socio-political integration. Module 5.30 examines children and DDR and considers programming, access of children to DDR programs, prevention of recruitment and re-recruitment of children, and DDR programming for girls.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Mapping the justice sector

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

This resource aims to assist UN missions and transitional administrations in mapping the justice sector to understand how it operates in states before and during conflict. This resource provides an overview of key institutions, mechanisms, and priorities such as linkages between institutions and oversight bodies or accountability mechanisms. Page 14 focuses on traditional justice.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Vetting: an operational framework

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2006

Written for United Nations field staff and others responsible for institutional and personnel reform in post-conflict states, this resource provides an overview of vetting as a tool of institutional reform and transitional justice. It also explores the conditions of transitional personnel reform, operational guidelines for assessment and designing the vetting process, and considerations regarding the political conditions surrounding reform.

Vetting Public Employees in Post-Conflict Settings: Operational Guidelines

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2006

This resource provides guidance on vetting in post-conflict settings. It includes an overview of factors that determine a vetting process, designing a vetting process, different types of vetting, and other relevant institutional reforms. The annex includes a vetting checklist, a capacity and integrity framework, and relevant conventions and codes for vetting in security and judicial sectors.

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law

United Nations General Assembly

See full resource on ohchr.org

December 2005

This UN General Assembly resolution provides principles related to State's obligations concerning reparations to victims of international humanitarian and human rights abuses. Victims have a right to be treated humanely and with respect, to access justice and relevant information, and to be afforded adequate and effective reparation without discrimination.

Fighting back: Child and community-led strategies to avoid children’s recruitment into armed forces and groups in West Africa

Emily Delap, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

September 2005

Using case studies from Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, this resource focuses on strategies to prevent children’s recruitment in armed forces and groups. Strategies to prevent recruitment include developing targeted messages, avoiding separation, providing alternative care, schooling and skills training, and improving livelihoods. Intended to inform initiatives by governments, the UN, and non-governmental organizations, this resource also provides an overview of what constitutes voluntary and forced recruitment.

The Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration of Children Associated with the Fighting Forces: Lessons Learned in Sierra Leone 1998-2002

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

June 2005

This resource looks at the children’s aspect of Sierra Leone’s disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program. It also provides an overview of DDR during and after the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war. Other topics covered include an analysis of girls in the DDR process, family tracing and reunification, alternative care, reintegration, strategies of prevention, and lessons learned.

Gender-Based Violence Legal Aid: A Participatory Toolkit

American Refugee Committee (ARC)

Download full PDF from arcrelief.org

2005

This resource is intended to assist field staff design gender-based violence (GBV) services and GBV legal aid using a participatory approach. Intended for actors in the humanitarian, justice, and security sector, this toolkit provides a preliminary assessment tool, action planning worksheets, and guidelines and indicators on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence programs.

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Reports

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission

See full resource on sierraleonetrc.org

2005

This resource is the final report of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission, held from 2002 to 2004. Volume Two, Chapter 3 contains recommendations concerning legal, political, and administrative reforms and measures, and includes a specific category for children. Volume Two, Chapter 4 provides the legal basis for reparations, lists categories for eligible beneficiaries, including children, and makes recommendations on according the benefits and effectively implementing the reparation program.

Conflict-sensitive approaches to development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding

Saferworld

See full resource on saferworld.org.uk

January 2004

This resource provides frameworks and guidelines to conflict-sensitive programming in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. It examines conflict-sensitive planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, sectoral approaches, and approaches for mainstreaming conflict sensitivity.

Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2004

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource organizes major human rights topics for police. Relevant international human rights standards on topics such as investigations, arrest, detention and the use of force are explored. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide.

Reaching the Girls: Study on Girls Associated with Armed Forces and Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

This resource studies the situation of girls associated with armed forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and why girls are not reached by efforts to release children associated with armed groups. Section 5 provides recommendations on the formal demobilization of girls in the DRC.

Guide to the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict

Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers; UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

December 2003

This resource aims to help child protection actors within governmental and non-governmental organizations advocate for the ratification and implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC). This resource emphasizes the monitoring and reporting requirements of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons: Guidelines for Prevention and Response

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

May 2003

This resource provides guidance for protection of refugees against sexual and gender-based violence. It provides guiding principles and considers prevention strategies through transforming socio-cultural norms, rebuilding community support systems, improving accountability systems, and monitoring and documenting of sexual and gender-based violence. The annex includes a code of conduct and sample report forms.

Children and Armed Conflict: International Standards for Action

Office of the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC), Human Security Network

Download full PDF from unicef.org

April 2003

This resource is a compilation of legal standards and norms regarding children and armed conflict, including the rights of the child, international humanitarian law, law on refugees and internally displaced persons, international criminal law, and UN Security Council resolutions.

Going Home: Demobilizing and reintegrating child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

2003

This resource provides an overview of Save the Children’s work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including its disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) activities. The Annex includes examples of various forms used in their programming, including documentation of children, history of mobilization, and certificate of reintegration forms.

International Criminal Justice and Children

No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ); UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Download full PDF from unicef.org

September 2002

This resource introduces the international framework for children and justice, including international legal protection standards and judicial and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. It takes a particular look at protection of children in times of war and use of child soldiers, as well as protection of children as victims and witnesses. In particular, it outlines the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), as well as its relation to national justice systems. Finally, it gives some concrete recommendations on the role of children in non-judicial mechanisms like truth commissions and traditional accountability mechanisms.

Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2002

Part of OHCHR’s professional training series, this resource provides an outline of training on human rights topics, group exercises, instructions, guidance for trainers, and handouts, including on the protection of juveniles. This resource is designed to complement OHCHR’s International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement and the Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police.

International Human Rights Standards for Law Enforcement: A Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2002

This resource summarizes relevant international standards for police regarding their lawful and humane functions in democratic societies. It contains relevant standards for the protection of juveniles and the human rights of women. It is designed to complement OHCHR’s Human Rights and Law Enforcement: A Trainer’s Guide on Human Rights for the Police and Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: Expanded Pocket Book on Human Rights for the Police.

Children Not Soldiers: Guidelines for working with child soldiers and children associated with fighting forces

Isobel McConnan and Sarah Uppard, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2001

This resource provides guidance for practitioners working with children involved in armed conflict. Part 1 includes an overview of the responsibilities of states, the international community, and non-state armed groups, and the legal framework that grounds all action to protect children associated with fighting forces. Part 2 addresses the military recruitment of children.

Justice in Matters involving child victims and witnesses of crime: Online training

UN Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC); UNICEF

See full resource on unodc.org

This free online self-learning tool is intended for practitioners working in an area related to child victims and witnesses of crime. Registration is required.

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