34 Resources Found

Addressing the Gaps in Security Sector Training: The Detention of Child Soldiers

Dr. Shelly Whitman, Dustin Johnson, Darin Reeves

See full resource on childsoldiers.org

1 March 2017

This chapter (p.389-402) in the book "Protecting Children against Torture in Detention: Global Solutions for a Global Problem" published by the Anti-Torture Initiative at the Washington College of Law explores the unique role of child soldiers as children, victims, and as soldiers which each must be considered in the comprehensive response of security sector actors in their demobilization and protection. Case studies of child soldiers detained as security threats and violations they experience including torture, ill-treatment, and arbitrary detention highlight the urgent need for better training in the security sector. Recommendations for the training of security sector actors on child soldiers includes to frame trainings in the overall prevention of child soldiers, pre-deployment training for confrontation with child soldiers, and the inclusion of specific child protection concerns in line with the 'best interests of the child' principle.

Age Assessment Guidelines to Prevent and Respond to Child Recruitment in the Afghanistan National Security Forces

Afghanistan National Security Forces

See full resource on reliefweb.int

15 February 2016

These are guidelines from the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The document describes an age assessment process to prevent enlisting underage members into the national armed forceswhen identity documents are not available. Prepared by experts, practitioners, military officials, and UNICEF, these principles suggest an assessment based on five components including direct interviews with the individual, interviews with family and community members, crosschecking of all available information, documentation, and referral to services and reintegration. Child sensitive age assessment techniques are provided operating within international human rights obligations. This document and annexed checklists are applicable to both national armed forces and armed groups in order to ensure the enforcement of the international humanitarian law obligation to prevent the recruitment and use of child soldiers and to reform the recruitment process to prevent the violation before it happens. This resource is available in both English and Dari.

Child Protection in Emergencies: Coordination Handbook

Child Protection Working Group

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

1 January 2016

The purpose of this Handbook is to provide actors with guidance on how to coordinate child protection responses in humanitarian contexts in order to ensure more predictable, accountable and effective child protection responses in emergencies around the world. This Handbook is designed for situations where the international community is formally engaged with the humanitarian response and where the cluster system has been activated, and may be useful for contexts where there is no cluster approach. Chapter 8 "Monitoring and reporting grave violations of children's rights" on page 116 covers accountability for violations against children in armed conflict.

Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework: A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC). It responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these serious violations - and is designed to assist policymakers and practitioners working at all levels to bridge this gap. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados

Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cacaccountability.org

2015

This resource is the Spanish version of the "Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework." El Marco de Rendición de Cuentas frente a los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes afectados por los conflictos armados es un recurso práctico que promueve mecanismos para abordar casos de violaciones graves derecho internacional cometidas contra los niños, las niñas y los jóvenes en situaciones de conflicto armado (rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ). Elaborado como respuesta al importante vacío existente en materia de prevención y reparación de este tipo de violaciones, este Marco aporta los siguientes elementos: 1. una definición completa y estructura para entender la cuestión de la rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ; 2. orientaciones metodológicas prácticas que pueden ser adaptadas y aplicadas en diferentes contextos con el objeto de aumentar las acciones de rendición de cuentas sobre NNJ.

Education and the Law of Reparations in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Francesca Capone, Kristin Hausler, Duncan Fairgrieve, Conor McCarthy, Protect Education in Insecurity and Conflict (PEIC); British Institute of International and Comparative Law

Download full PDF from educationandconflict.org

October 2013

With a focus on reparations, this resource examines how attacks against education during insecurity and armed conflict have previously been redressed and how they may be redressed in the future. It considers education as a form of reparation and explores how education may minimize the risk of future conflict. The appendix includes international and regional treaties, as well as relevant cases.

Submission on the principles to be applied, and the procedure to be followed by the chamber with regard to reparations

UNICEF; International Criminal Court (ICC)

Download full PDF from icc-cpi.int

10 May 2012

This resource contains UNICEF’s submission to the International Criminal Court in the prosecution against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The document contains UNICEF’s recommendations for the principles and criteria that should guide the ICC’s decisions to awarding reparations.

Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

Child Protection Working Group (CPWG)

Download full PDF from cpwg.net

2012

This resource aims to establish common principles amongst child protection actors. It provides guidance on strengthening coordination, improving the quality of programming, and improving accountability within child protection work. Standard 11 on page 102 examines children associated with armed forces or armed groups and provides key actions, measurements, and guidance notes on advocacy, awareness, prevention, release, identification and verification, interim care, family tracing and reunification, reintegration, and family reunification. Standard 14 on page 128 discusses justice for children and provides key actions and measurement indicators.

Summary of ICTJ’s Recommendations to the ICC on Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Ruben Carranza, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

2012

This resource summarizes the ICTJ’s submission to the International Criminal Court (ICC) giving recommendations on reparations to victims in the Lubanga case. Recommendations included: ensuring information and access to justice for victims; holding reparations hearings within the Democratic Republic of the Congo; designing a combination of compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and symbolic reparations depending on the category of victim; conducting needs assessment and gender analysis; involving communities; and ensuring perpetrators pay reparations.

Guiding Principles for the Domestic Implementation of a Comprehensive System of Protection for Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Download full PDF from icrc.org

15 September 2011

This resource aims to clarify existing obligations of State parties, facilitate respect for existing obligations, and promote the implementation of relevant legal provisions. It contains recommendations by the ICRC for practical, regulatory, and legal measures to promote the effective domestic implementation of international rules to protect children affected by armed conflict. This resource considers specific issues such as recruitment, juvenile justice, preventative measures, reparations, transitional justice, and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs.

Children and Justice During and in the Aftermath of Armed Conflict

UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG-CAAC)

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

September 2011

This resource supports advocacy initiatives aimed at strengthening States’ protection of children’s rights and best interests during and after armed conflict. It examines children as victims and witnesses in judicial processes such as courts and tribunals, and in non-judicial processes such as truth and reconciliation commissions and traditional and restorative justice mechanisms. This report also looks at the concepts of reparations and reintegration. It uses the international legal framework and case studies to create recommendations for States, UN agencies, civil society organizations, and child protection actors.

Through a New Lens: A Child-Sensitive Approach to Transitional Justice

Cécile Aptel and Virginie Ladisch, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

September 2011

Based on assessments of Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and Nepal, this resource examines the ways in which transitional justice can engage children and consider their needs. It assesses the extent to which truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform have raised awareness about the victimization of children.

Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict

Julia Freedson, Conflict Dynamics International

Download full PDF from cdint.org

June 2011

This resource examines the accountability gap for violations committed against children in situations of armed conflict. It evaluates actions to attain accountability through efforts at the national level, UN Security Council, and international level. The report provides several policy options to address the accountability gap and features case studies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Colombia.

Operational Guide to the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Inter-agency Working Group on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (IAWG-DDR)

Download full PDF from iddrtg.org

2010

This resource is intended to accompany the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) document. As an operational guide, this resource summarizes key guidance from each IDDRS module. Guidance 5.20 and 5.30 focus on youth and children DDR; it examines reintegration programming, advocacy, and prevention of recruitment.

Report and Proposals for the Implementation of Reparations in Sierra Leone

Mohamad Suma and Cristián Correa, International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

Download full PDF from ictj.org

December 2009

This resource evaluates a one-year project by the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone to implement the recommendations for reparations found the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Final Report. The report summarizes the findings of the evaluation and provides recommendations to improve the Sierra Leone reparations program.

Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation

International Labour Organization (ILO), UNICEF

See full resource on ilo.org

July 2009

This resource aims to assist donor governments, workers, employers and NGOs to combat trafficking in children for labor, sexual, and other forms of exploitation. Exploitation is defined to include the forced or compulsory recruitment of children. The training manual includes three textbooks, an exercise book, and facilitator’s guide.

Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Amnesties

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2009

Intended for practitioners, this resource explores the concept of amnesty and considers the relationship between amnesties and other processes of transitional justice, such as truth commissions, the right to remedy and reparations, and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs. This resource also incorporates relevant rules of international law and United Nations policy when drafting amnesties.

Transitional Justice: Information Handbook

United States Institute of Peace (USIP)

Download full PDF from usip.org

September 2008

This resource looks at the goals of transitional justice post-conflict and factors for determining appropriate transitional justice mechanisms. It provides guidelines on criminal prosecutions, truth commissions, vetting, reparations and compensation.

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

See full resource on unhcr.org

January 2008

This resource provides an overview of the legal standards and responsibilities to protect women and girls. It discusses issues such as displacement, prevention, reintegration, participation in peacebuilding processes, and the administration of justice during displacement for formal, traditional, and transitional mechanisms. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the international and regional legal framework. This resource is intended for UNHRC staff, both at headquarters and in the field, and protection partners.

Rule of Law tools for Post-Conflict States: Reparations Programmes

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Download full PDF from ohchr.org

2008

This resource provides a practical guide for implementing effective reparations programs. It focuses on establishing out-of-court reparations programs to redress gross and serious violations of human rights in conflict settings. It also examines kinds of benefits, financing reparations, linking with other justice measures, and making programs gender-sensitive.

The OECD DAC Handbook on Security Systems Reform (SSR): Supporting Security and Justice

Organizations for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

See full resource on keepeek.com

2008

This resource provides guidelines on security sector reform and governance and the design, implementation, and evaluation of such programs. Intended to inform donor support for SSR, this resource specifically targets development, security, rule of law, and diplomatic actors. This resource also discusses developing an integrated approach to SSR for countries emerging from conflict and related issues such as transitional justice and disarmament demobilization, and reintegration programs.

The Paris Commitments to protect children from unlawful recruitment or use by armed forces or armed groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from childrenandarmedconflict.un.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

The Paris Principles. Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

February 2007

The Paris Commitments and Principles and Guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups consolidate global humanitarian knowledge and experience in working to prevent recruitment, protect children, support their release from armed forces or armed groups and reintegrate them into civilian life. The Paris Principles and Commitments build on the Cape Town principles and best practices on the recruitment of children into the armed forces and on demobilization and social reintegration of child soldiers in Africa (Cape Town principles) which were adopted in 1997.

Implementing Victims’ Rights: A Handbook on the Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation

REDRESS

Download full PDF from redress.org

March 2006

This resource was created as a companion to the UN’s Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law. It was intended to help guide non-governmental and civil society organizations advocate for victims’ rights as primary concern in state action.

Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards

UN Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Resource Centre

See full resource on iddrtg.org

2006

This resource is intended to guide practitioners on a range of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities and programs. Module 5.20 looks specifically at youth and DDR and considers socio-economic reintegration strategies for youth and young-ex-combatants, gender issues, and socio-political integration. Module 5.30 examines children and DDR and considers programming, access of children to DDR programs, prevention of recruitment and re-recruitment of children, and DDR programming for girls.

Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations

UNICEF

Download full PDF from mona.uwi.edu

2006

Prepared for UNICEF staff working to assist children and women in emergencies, this resource assists in identifying and prioritizing needs of children and designing and implementing interventions in unstable environments. It covers topics such as education, children separated from families, protecting the rights of the child, internally displaced children and women, child combatants, and juvenile justice.

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law

United Nations General Assembly

See full resource on ohchr.org

December 2005

This UN General Assembly resolution provides principles related to State's obligations concerning reparations to victims of international humanitarian and human rights abuses. Victims have a right to be treated humanely and with respect, to access justice and relevant information, and to be afforded adequate and effective reparation without discrimination.

Fighting back: Child and community-led strategies to avoid children’s recruitment into armed forces and groups in West Africa

Emily Delap, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

September 2005

Using case studies from Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, this resource focuses on strategies to prevent children’s recruitment in armed forces and groups. Strategies to prevent recruitment include developing targeted messages, avoiding separation, providing alternative care, schooling and skills training, and improving livelihoods. Intended to inform initiatives by governments, the UN, and non-governmental organizations, this resource also provides an overview of what constitutes voluntary and forced recruitment.

The Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration of Children Associated with the Fighting Forces: Lessons Learned in Sierra Leone 1998-2002

UNICEF

Download full PDF from unicef.org

June 2005

This resource looks at the children’s aspect of Sierra Leone’s disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program. It also provides an overview of DDR during and after the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war. Other topics covered include an analysis of girls in the DDR process, family tracing and reunification, alternative care, reintegration, strategies of prevention, and lessons learned.

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commissions Reports

Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission

See full resource on sierraleonetrc.org

2005

This resource is the final report of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission, held from 2002 to 2004. Volume Two, Chapter 3 contains recommendations concerning legal, political, and administrative reforms and measures, and includes a specific category for children. Volume Two, Chapter 4 provides the legal basis for reparations, lists categories for eligible beneficiaries, including children, and makes recommendations on according the benefits and effectively implementing the reparation program.

Reaching the Girls: Study on Girls Associated with Armed Forces and Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2004

This resource studies the situation of girls associated with armed forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and why girls are not reached by efforts to release children associated with armed groups. Section 5 provides recommendations on the formal demobilization of girls in the DRC.

Going Home: Demobilizing and reintegrating child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Beth Verhey, Save the Children

Download full PDF from savethechildren.org.uk

2003

This resource provides an overview of Save the Children’s work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including its disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) activities. The Annex includes examples of various forms used in their programming, including documentation of children, history of mobilization, and certificate of reintegration forms.

Child Soldiers: Care & Protection of Children in Emergencies, A Field Guide

Mark Lorey, Save the Children

See full resource on savethechildren.org

2001

Intended as a practical reference for practitioners in emergency settings, this resource is designed for field, headquarters, and Save the Children partner organization staff members who design and manage children and war programs. It discusses child soldiers and their vulnerabilities, the international framework, and a programming framework that includes demobilization and reintegration, and a process for program design.

Children Not Soldiers: Guidelines for working with child soldiers and children associated with fighting forces

Isobel McConnan and Sarah Uppard, Save the Children

Download full PDF from resourcecentre.savethechildren.se

2001

This resource provides guidance for practitioners working with children involved in armed conflict. Part 1 includes an overview of the responsibilities of states, the international community, and non-state armed groups, and the legal framework that grounds all action to protect children associated with fighting forces. Part 2 addresses the military recruitment of children.

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